Hervé Faye

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Faye, Hervé


Born Oct. 1, 1814, in St.-Benoit-du-Sault; died July 4, 1902, in Paris. French astronomer. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1847).

Faye studied until 1836 at the Ecole Polytechnique. Beginning in 1876, he was president of the Bureau of Longitudes in Paris. His works were devoted to the study of the physical structure of the sun, the nature of comets, and other subjects. In 1843 he discovered the periodic comet that now bears his name and calculated its orbit. Faye also worked on improving astronomical instruments and was one of the first to apply photography to the observation of stars.


Cours d’astronomie de l’Ecole polytechnique, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1881–83.
“Une Nouvelle Théorie du soleil.” L’Astronomie, 1882, [vol.] 1, pp. 332–35.
Sur l’Origine du monde, théories cosmogoniques des anciens et des modernes, 4th ed. Paris, 1907.
“Taches et protubérances solaires.” L’Astronomie, 1888, [vol.] 7, pp. 89–93.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Spencer eventually argued for priority over Herve Faye with respect to his ideas of a gaseous Sun [105].
Herve Faye clearly became acquainted with Spencer's work, given the three articles presented in The Reader.
Herve Faye opened his classic presentation on the constitution of the Sun on January 16th, 1865, by stating that the solar phenomena had been well popularized [103].
In the same article, Herve Faye emphasized that the photospheric surface was illusionary: "This limit is in any case only apparent: the general milieu where the photosphere is incessantly forming surpasses without doubt, more or less, the highest crests or summits of the incandescent clouds, but we do not know the effective limit; the only thing that one is permitted to affirm, is that these invisible layers, to which the name atmosphere does not seem to me applicable, would not be able to attain a height of 3', the excess of the perihelion distance of the great comet of 1843 on the radius of the photosphere' [9].
Fowler's writings reflected that the ideas of Herve Faye [9] and August Schmidt [11] continued to impact astronomy beyond 1913 [3,4], even though observational astronomers were not convinced: "The apparently definite bounding-surface of the Sun which is ordinarily revealed to the naked eye, or seen in the telescope, has such an appearance of reality that its existence has been taken for granted in most of the attempts which have been made to interpret solar phenomena ...