Herwegh, Georg(gā`ôrkh hĕr`vāk), 1817–75, German revolutionary poet. His best-known work, Gedichte eines Lebendigen [poems of a living man] (1841) stirred much liberal enthusiasm. Herwegh remained in exile after taking a leading part in the unsuccessful revolution (1848) in Baden.
Born May 31, 1817, in Stuttgart; died Apr. 7, 1875, in Baden-Baden. German poet.
In the fall of 1842, Herwegh met K. Marx. He established close ties with M. A. Bakunin and A. I. Herzen. His collection Poems of a Living Man (1841) was a moving call to action that responded to the strivings of revolutionary democracy in Germany. Herwegh became one of the leading writers on the Rheinische Zeitung and won the recognition of K. Marx. In the poem “The Party” (1842), Herwegh defended the idea of party spirit in poetry, in the sense of serving the forces of progress. He wrote satirical poems directed against the enemies of the Revolution of 1848-49. After the defeat of the revolution, Herwegh implacably condemned European reaction in a series of articles, topical satires, and poems. At the same time he drew closer to F. Lassalle, and in 1863 he wrote the hymn (anthem) of the General German Workers’ Association.
WORKSWerke. Berlin-Weimar, 1967.
Der Freiheit eine Gasse. Published by B. Kaiser. Berlin, 1948. [“Auswahl.”] In Achtundvierziger: Ein Lesebuch für unsere Zeit. Published by B. Kaiser. Weimar, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1958.
REFERENCESMering, F. Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i, vol. 2. Moscow, 1934. Pages 62-71.
Shiller, F. P. Ocherki po istorii revoliutsionnoi poezii 19 v. Moscow, 1933. Pages 71-101.
Dymshits, A. L. “Karl Marks i poet Gerveg.”’ Uch. zap. Leningradskogo pedagogicheskogo in-ta im. A. I. Gertsena, 1958, vol. 170.
Turaev, S. “Tvorchestvo pozdnego Gervega.” Voprosy literatury, 1959, no. 10.
Büttner, W. “… dann belehren euch die Fäuste unsrer Proletarier!” Weimarer Beiträge, 1967, no. 3.
S. V. TURAEV