Ho-shen

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Ho-shen

(hô-shŭn), 1750–99, Manchu official noted for symbolizing the widespread corruption of the Ch'ing dynasty of China during its decline. As a favorite of emperor Ch'ien-lungCh'ien-lung
, 1711–99, reign title of the fourth emperor (1735–96) of the Ch'ing dynasty, whose given name was Hung-li. Under his vigorous military policy, China attained its maximum territorial expanse; Xinjiang in the west was conquered, and Myanmar and Annam in
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, he rose, within two years, from bodyguard to grand councilor and minister of the imperial household. Later, while president of the boards of revenue and civil office, he amassed a great fortune through extortion. After Ch'ien Lung's death, the new emperor Chia Ch'ing seized his wealth and ordered him to commit suicide.
References in periodicals archive ?
At court, the new emperor's ability to respond was hamstrung by his father's insistence on ruling from retirement until his death in 1799 and by the continued influence of Heshen, the former emperor's corrupt favorite.
Here, Wang shows how Jiaqing used the external crises of the rebellion to resolve an intemal crisis: his struggles to remove Heshen and his clique from power at court.
31) In similar form, Grand Councilor Heshen wrote that the "exceedingly evil, unreasonable, unlawful, and rebellious Miao" Shi Sanbao "was the first to lead the masses in the uprising on the pretext of madness.
36) Heshen repeated this rhetoric, concluding with the final bureaucratic verdict that the Miao kings, like Wu Sangui, had performed "the most grievous crimes to the vilest degree" (zui da eji [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]).
In the case examined here, the tone was set and structured by the Qianlong emperor, as well as perpetuated by the Grand Council and favored ministers such as Heshen and Fukang'an.
Grand Councilor Heshen [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1750-99) noted that Wu Sangui had "the most grievous crimes to the vilest degree.
Bang and Heshen (2000) developed two regime linear stream speed--flow relationship with a break point at V/C ratio of 0.
He learned the Emperor's first minister, Heshen, who was also his lover and his son-in-law, was the only person Qian Long trusted, and Heshen acted as gatekeeper to the Emperor (Peyrefitte, 1992/1989, p.
As a result Heshen enjoyed rapid promotion, becoming the emperor's 'Grand Colao' or chief minister.