Hester Lynch Thrale

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Thrale, Hester Lynch,


Mrs. Piozzi

(pēŏz`ē, pēôt`tsē), 1741–1821, Englishwoman, noted for her intimate friendship with Samuel JohnsonJohnson, Samuel,
1709–84, English author, b. Lichfield. The leading literary scholar and critic of his time, Johnson helped to shape and define the Augustan Age. He was equally celebrated for his brilliant and witty conversation.
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. Daughter of John Salusbury, she married (1763) Henry Thrale, a wealthy brewer, whose home at Streatham became a gathering place for writers and artists and a second home to Johnson from 1765 until 1780. Mrs. Thrale's second marriage in 1784 to Gabriel Piozzi, an Italian music master, caused an enormous scandal and estranged her from Johnson and from English society. She and Piozzi moved to Italy and after Johnson's death she published Anecdotes of the Late Samuel Johnson (1786) and his correspondence with her (1788).


See her diary, Thraliana (ed. by K. C. Balderston, 1942); biography by I. McIntyre (2008).

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References in periodicals archive ?
He highlights the important role that women played for Johnson and his friends, including Fanny Burney, the daughter of the celebrated musicologist Charles, and Hester Thrale, the vivacious descendant of Welsh gentry who turned her palatial residence at Streatham Park into a center of intellectual converse.
Known as "The Mother of Wales", she had six children and her many descendants included Hester Thrale and the 18th-century explorer John Salusbury.
In recent years the hall and its lands have been operated as a hunting estate and shooting school Bryn Bella in Tremeirchion, built in 1794 by Hester Piozzi (more familiar as Dr Samuel Johnson's Hester Thrale) and her Italian husband Gabriel.
Martha Bowden offsets biographical knowledge of Hester Thrale against the fictionalization by Beryl Bainbridge in her 2001 novel, According to Queeney.
She appeared last year at the Edinburgh Festival as Hester Thrale, the rather shady intimate of Samuel Johnson, in A Dish of Tea With Dr Johnson, a play directed by Max Stafford-Clark.
A historiographer by training, Marnie has published books and articles on past, present and future visions of the nature and purposes of world and global history, with her most recent publication being an examination of Hester Thrale Piozzi's self annotation of her 1801 world history 'Retrospection'.
The book reaches its nadir when Meyers aggressively insists that Johnson regularly had his friend Hester Thrale chain him up and whip him.
Although others have found pathos in Hester Thrale Piozzi's last twenty years of life, Looser argues that Piozzi then actively "tried to take control of her position as an author" (98).
But in fact significantly more space is devoted here to case studies of employers like Hester Thrale and the Somerset widow, Frances Hamilton and their respective regimes of household management.
"He had inscribed in Greek on his pocket watch the admonition from John 9:4: 'the night cometh' when no man can work" (110); according to Hester Thrale he never could recite the Tantus labor non sit cassus passage of the Dies Irae "without bursting into a flood of tears" (199).
It was, in fact, during one of these crises in the 1760s that he was 'rescued' by Hester Thrale and her husband, who whisked him off to their country home in Streatham and nursed him there physically and mentally.
Mr Mclntyre, who has already written on two of Dr Johnson's circle - Reynolds and Garrick - turns here to Hester Thrale. The biography does not reveal any hitherto unknown cache of letters because one doubts there are any.