Heterakidosis

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Heterakidosis

 

helminth diseases of birds, caused by nematodes of the family Heterakidae. The diseases occur everywhere. Heterakids are small nematodes of a light yellow color, 5-13 mm long. The larvae develop in the external environment, without an intermediate host. Heterakidosis is spread by infected birds that scatter the eggs of the parasite. During heterakidosis the pathological process develops first in the ceca, then in other organs as well. The helminths cause inflammation of the mucous membrane, necrosis of its glands, and peeling of the epithelium. Phenothiazine is used as a treatment. Preventive measures include raising chicks in isolation in open field pastures, periodically changing pastures, and keeping the roosts, food troughs, and other items of care clean.

REFERENCE

Petrochenko, V. M., and G. A. Kotel’nikov. Gel’mintozy ptits. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.