dimer

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Related to Heterodimeric: Homodimer, Heterodimers

dimer

Chem
a. a molecule composed of two identical simpler molecules (monomers)
b. a compound consisting of dimers
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

dimer

[′dī·mər]
(chemistry)
A molecule that results from a chemical combination of two entities of the same species, for example, the chlorine molecule (Cl2) or cyanogen (NCCN).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Conjugated BS need to be actively transported into cholangiocytes via apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT, gene SLC10A2) and are exported into the peribiliary capillary plexus via the heterodimeric transporter OST[alpha]-OST[beta] and via MRP3 [28, 29].
When IL-31 binds to its heterodimeric receptor composed of the IL-31RA/ OSMR complex, it induces the phosphorylation of the JAK1/2, and subsequently it induces the phosphorylation of PI3K/AKT, and it activates STAT pathway [12, 23].
The PriL would also be poised to take part in the mechanism of RNA counting and further primer processing probably due to its position within the heterodimeric primase relative to the nascent RNA primer.
PI3K enzymes are members of a family of intracellular heterodimeric kinases, composed of regulatory and catalytic subunits that recruit lipids as second messengers.
This heterodimeric assembly appeared to modify the intracellular response to NTS [41].
IL-27 is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of the subunits p28 and EBI3, which binds to the heterodimeric WSX1/gp130 receptor.
TR[beta] and PPAR receptors are linked by the same obligatory coreceptor, retinoid X receptor (RXR), that binds to their heterodimeric partners before binding to DNA.
Extracellularly secreted IL-33 binds to ST2 and activates a heterodimeric receptor complex, comprising ST2 andinterleukin-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP) on the plasma membrane, to recruit and activate myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), followed by activation of interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) [5] (Figure 1).
The hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a heterodimeric transcription factor associated with hypoxia and hypoxia-mediated angiogenesis, metastasis, and resistance to chemo/radiotherapy, therefore with different tumor pathways [22, 23].
BCKCD is a 4million Dalton macromolecule and consists of heterodimeric E1 decarboxylase component (E1a and E1b subunits), E2 transacylase that consists of 24 subunits and 1 homodimer E3 component [2].
Integrins are heterodimeric transmembrane receptor proteins, consisting of [alpha] and [beta] subunits, which mediate adhesion and interactions between cells and the extracellular matrix [8, 19].
Seeger, "Crystal structure of a heterodimeric ABC transporter in its inward-facing conformation," Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, vol.