dimer

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Related to Heterodimerize: Homodimer

dimer

Chem
a. a molecule composed of two identical simpler molecules (monomers)
b. a compound consisting of dimers

dimer

[′dī·mər]
(chemistry)
A molecule that results from a chemical combination of two entities of the same species, for example, the chlorine molecule (Cl2) or cyanogen (NCCN).
References in periodicals archive ?
Under such conditions, HIF-1[alpha] is stabilized and capable of translocating to the nucleus, where it heterodimerizes with its partner, the constitutively expressed aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator7HIF-1[alpha].
Although NRF3 can heterodimerize with MafK or MafG and bind AREs (Chenais et al.
Bcl-2 heterodimerizes in vivo with a conserved homolog, Bax, that accelerates programmed cell death.
Disruption of the interaction between the Nrf2 and Keap1, possibly by covalent modification or oxidation of critical cysteine residues in Keap1, makes unbound Nrf2 translocate into the nucleus where it heterodimerizes with the small musculoponeurotic fibrosarcoma protein and co-activator proteins that binds to ARE leading to transcription of cytoprotective genes [13,62-64].
PPAR[gamma] heterodimerizes with the 9-cis retinoic acid receptor (RXR) and directly promotes transcription of such key adipogenic genes as fatty acid binding protein 4 (Fabp4), lipoprotein lipase (Lpl) and adiponectin (Adipoq) (Tontonoz and Spiegelman 2008).
PPAR-gamma heterodimerizes with retinoid X receptor to function as a transcription factor, binding to peroxisome-proliferating response elements (8,9).
Ecdysteroids regulate gene activities at the transcriptional level through binding with the ecdysteroid receptor which ultimately heterodimerizes with ultraspiracle protein (Oberdorster and Cheek 2000).