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Related to Heterophony: monophony



the execution of a Metody by several singers, instrumentalists, or both singers and instrumentalists, during which one or several voices episodically digress from the main Metody. These digressions, often unconscious, may result from differences in the technical possibilities of the voices or instruments or may depend on the fancy of the performers. Supporting voices in many-voiced music are also part of heterophonic music.

Heterophony is sometimes encountered in medieval Western European music and classical music and is especially characteristic of the national music cultures of Africa, Ceylon, Oceania, India, and Indonesia. It is also found in Slavic music. In the music of India and Indonesia heterophony arises in the performance of melodies by many instrumentalists, each of whom varies the Metody in keeping with the technical and expressive possibilities of his instrument. (For example, heterophony is found in music for the gamelan.) In Russian folk music heterophony is combined with polyphonic means of expression.


Bershadskaia, T. Osnovnye kompozitsionnye zakonomernosti mnogogolosiia russkoi narodnoi krest’ianskoi pesni. Leningrad, 1961.
Grigor’ev, S., and T. Miuller. Uchebnik polifonii. Moscow, 1961.
Adler, G. “Uber Heterophonie.” In the collection Peters Jahrbuch, vol. 15. Leipzig, 1909.


References in periodicals archive ?
The use of pedal points and heterophony is very characteristic for this movement.
201-203) he describes the piano part as being "of a linear nature; harmony in the normal sense, is elusive, although organum, heterophony, two-part counterpoint and pedal-tones are important.
He accompanied himself on the bowed lute satar, which, with its rich sympathetic timbre, paraphrases the vocal melody in an elaborated heterophony.
Manikay are most often sung by several parallel singers in heterophony, but although each singer ostensibly sings the same melody with the same lyrics, their individual performances will almost never be exactly the same.
and according to Bakhtin, the novel assembles a heterology of discursive types, a heteroglossia of languages, and a heterophony of voices.
Rather, they sing in heterophony around the ideal of a unified melody with their own individuated approaches to timing and lyrics.
casual speech, in that it may surface as a result of fast-speech processes in sequences, where heterophony operates in slow speech (Sobkowiak 1991: 77-80).
The play of heterophony and melody that Middleton describes there returns, external now, in a piece from his 1992 book The Balcony Tree, "The Turkish Rooftops," as the shimmering contradiction of "two musics, one dense, one transparent" heard on a visit to the Turkish countryside, and is recast later as the fluctuation of "effervescence and distillation" in his Palavers with Marius Kociejowski, recently published by Shearsman Books in England and excerpts of which are graciously provided here.
Boulez emphasizes that it is in the aspect of responsibility that polyphony distinguished itself from monody, heterophony and homophony.
Depending on the situation, untrained singers together often produced heterophony (simultaneous divergent versions of the tune) while a gathering of more gifted ones provided harmony of sorts.
As a result, heterophony was replaced by cacophony.
Texture is the subject of the seventh chapter, with a summary of previous studies of Chinese musical texture leading into a more detailed evaluation of heterophony in Jiangnan sizhu itself.