Johannes Hevelius

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hevelius, Johannes


(also Hewel or Höwelcke). Born Jan. 28, 1611, in Gdańsk; died there Jan. 28, 1687. Polish astronomer-observer and founder of selenography.

Hevelius built an observatory in Gdansk. He published the first accurate, detailed, and artistically executed maps of the moon (in Selenography or the Description of the Moon [1647], he named many features of the moon’s surface). He also discovered the moon’s optical libration (1647), the phases of Mercury, and four comets and made the first accurate measurement of the sun’s period of rotation. Hevelius constructed sextants, quadrants without optics (for accurate measurements), and refractors (up to 70 m, “aerial tubes” for observations). He compiled (1687) a catalog of 1,564 stars that was more accurate than that of Tycho Brahe and delineated 11 new constellations. In The Celestial Machine (1673) he described his observatory.


Atlas zvezdnogo neba. Edited by V. P. Shcheglov. Tashkent, 1968.


Seleshnikov, S. I. Astronomiia i kosmonavtika. Kiev, 1967.
Eremeeva, A. I. Vydaiushchiesia astronomy mira. Moscow, 1966. Pages 110-14.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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ordering the heavens: hevelius's revolutionary 17th-century star catalog and the first moon map In: johannes-hevelius-catalog-of-stars/ acesso em 10 de agosto de 2015.
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From an early stage, the society was called on to assess and adjudicate scientific findings from overseas, as with the conflicting observations of the course of the comet of 1665 made by Johann Hevelius in Danzig and Adrien Auzout in Paris.
The Congress was accompanied by the exhibition of the history of Music Academy Library and the remarkable carillon concert played by Monika Kazmierczak on carillon with the Hevelius Brass Quintet.
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