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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a megye (county) in northern Hungary. Area, 3,600 sq km. Population, 342,000 (1975). The administrative center is the city of Eger. The northern part of Heves is covered by the volcanic Mátra massif, and the western part by the Bükk Mountains; the southern part is a plain, the northern edge of the Great Central Danubian Plain (Alföld).

Heves is an industrial and agricultural region. Brown coal is mined at Egercsehi, and lignite is extracted at Rózsaszentmárton and at Mount Gyöngyös (the settlement of Visonta). Complex ores are mined at Recsk and Gyöngyöroszi in the Mátra Mountains. Railroad equipment is manufactured at Gyöngyös, and flour, sugar, tobacco, and canned fruits and vegetables are produced in various cities.

Approximately 50 percent of the land is cultivated, and more than 25 percent is covered with forests, chiefly oak and beech. Crops include wheat, maize, barley, oats, and potatoes. The most important commercial crops are sugar beets and tobacco. The vineyards on the southern slopes of the Mátra and Bükk mountains are known for their Eger and Gyöngyös wines. Cattle are bred, and sheep are raised in the mountains.

Balneological health resorts are found in the mountains.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Two hours afterwards, the other vessels had overtaken the flagship, and the three, not venturing perhaps to enter the narrow entrance of the harbor, cast anchor between Havre and La Heve. When the maneuver had been completed, the vessel which bore the admiral saluted France by twelve discharges of cannon, which were returned, discharge for discharge, from Fort Francis I.