Hewlett Johnson

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Johnson, Hewlett


Born Jan. 25, 1874, in Manchester; died Oct. 22, 1966, in London. English social figure; doctor of theology.

Johnson was educated at the University of Manchester (the natural science and engineering course) and at Oxford (department of theology). After 1904 he was active in the Anglican Church. From 1931 to 1963 he was dean of Canterbury. During World War II (1939-45), Johnson spoke out for the immediate opening of a second front in Europe, and he was one of the initiators of a collection taken up for a fund to aid the USSR. By order of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on July 13, 1945, Johnson was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. In 1948 he directed the British-Soviet Friendship Society. He participated actively in the Peace Partisans Movement, and in 1950 he became a member of the World Peace Council. Johnson was a laureate of the International Lenin Prize For the Strengthening of Peace Between Peoples (1950).


The Socialist Sixth of the World. London, 1939.
Soviet Strength: Its Source and Challenge. London, 1942.
Soviet Success. London [1947].
Eastern Europe in the Socialist World. London, 1955.
In Russian translation:
Khristiane i kommunizm. Moscow, 1957.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
John Butler, The Red Dean of Canterbury: The Public and Private Faces of Hewlett Johnson, London: Scala Publishers Ltd, 2011, ISBN 9781857597633, 292 pp, 16.95 [pounds sterling]
Hewlett Johnson is remembered as a staunchly pro-communist churchman who to the end of his days clung tenaciously to a commitment to Stalin and the Soviet experiment, despite Khrushchev's revelations and Hungary, events that caused many on the left to abandon party and cause together.
More recently, clergy of various denominations denounced communism, although one Dean of Canterbury, Dr Hewlett Johnson, was for it.
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