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Hezekiah(hĕzəkī`ə), in the Bible, king of Judah, son and successor of AhazAhaz
, d. c.727 B.C., king of Judah (c.731–727 B.C.), son of Jotham. His reign marked the end of the real independence of Judah. A coalition of Pekah of Israel and Rezin of Syria attacked him and nearly took Jerusalem.
..... Click the link for more information. . During his reign SennacheribSennacherib
d. 681 B.C., king of Assyria (705–681 B.C.). The son of Sargon, Sennacherib spent most of his reign fighting to maintain the empire established by his father.
..... Click the link for more information. of Assyria routed (701 B.C.) the rebellious Jews, laid seige to Jerusalem, and exacted a high indemnity from them. Hezekiah built the famous SiloamSiloam
, pool, SW corner of Jerusalem in the Kidron valley, mentioned in the Bible. A nearby 1,700-foot-long (518 m) tunnel, dating from the time of Hezekiah, diverted water underneath Jerusalem to the pool inside the city wall; it deprived the invading Assyrians of water during
..... Click the link for more information. Tunnel when the water supply was threatened by the approach of the Assyrian forces. However, a plague in the Assyrian army saved (690 B.C.) Judah from a second invasion by Sennacherib. Hezekiah's reign was marked by the prophecies of IsaiahIsaiah
, prophetic book of the Bible. It is a collection of prophecies from a 300-year period attributed to Isaiah, who may have been a priest. Some scholars argue that a long-lived "school" of Isaiah preserved his oracles and supplemented them in succeeding centuries.
..... Click the link for more information. and MicahMicah
, in the Bible. 1 Prophet, author of the book of Micah. 2 Levite. It is also spelled Michah. 3 Ephraimite whose sacred belongings were taken from him. 4 Son of Mephibosheth. It is also spelled Micha. 5 Same as Michaiah (1.
..... Click the link for more information. and by reforms to purify the religion of Israel by eliminating certain Canaanite practices. The country also experienced great material prosperity. His son and successor was ManassehManasseh
[Heb.,=making to forget], in the Bible. 1 First son of Joseph by his Egyptian wife, Asenath, and eponymous ancestor of one of the 12 tribes of Israel. Manasseh received land on both sides of the Jordan River.
..... Click the link for more information. . See also HizkijahHizkijah
[Heb., variant of Hezekiah], in the Bible, one who returned from captivity to Palestine. An alternate form is Hezekiah.
..... Click the link for more information. .
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brings people of Judah back to God. [O.T.: II Chronicles29:3–11; 31:20–21]
exhorts Judah to stand fast against Assyrians. [O.T.: II Chronicles 32:6–8]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
a king of Judah ?715--?687 bc, noted for his religious reforms (II Kings 18--19)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005