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(formerly Goldi), a people living mainly along the lower course of the Amur River (Khabarovsk Krai, RSFSR) and the right tributaries of the Ussuri River (Primor’e Krai, RSFSR). Their total population in the USSR is about 10,000 (1970 census). A small group of Nanai lives in China, between the Sungari and Ussuri rivers. They speak Nanai, and a considerable number also speak Russian. Until the early 20th century, shamanism was of chief importance in Nanai religious beliefs, despite the spread of the Russian Orthodox faith. Ethnically, the Nanai are the descendants of the ancient aboriginal population of the Amur River region, various Tungus-Manchu groups, and possibly the Mongols. In the USSR, most of the Nanai are employed in kolkhozes, where animal husbandry and agriculture are developed, along with fishing and hunting (the traditional forms of Nanai economy).


Narody Sibiri. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.



(Formerly Goldi), the language of the Nanai, who live in Khabarovsk and Primor’e krais of the RSFSR and between the Sungari and Ussuri rivers (People’s Republic of China). The Nanai language is spoken by approximately 7,000 persons in the USSR (1970 census). Nanai is related to the Tungus-Manchu languages. It is divided into three dialects: Amur and Kururmiiskii (in the USSR) and Sungari (mainly in China). The Nanai literary language is based on the Naikhin subdialect of the Amur dialect. A writing system based on the Latin alphabet was created in 1931; a Russian-based alphabet was introduced in 1963.


Avrorin, V. A. Grammatika nanaiskogo iazyka: Fonetika i morfologiia, vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959–61.
Iazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 5. Leningrad, 1968.
Onenko, S. N. Russko-nanaiskii slovar’. Leningrad, 1959.
Petrova, T. I. Nanaisko-russkii slovar’. Leningrad, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
The essays illustrate recurring themes and include reflections on Chinese art, literature, and culture, as well as essays on Liu Hezhen, Wei Suyuan, Zhang Taiyan, and Ruan Lingyu.
In 2011, a United Nations committee placed Hezhen Yimakan storytelling on the U.
El relato presenta la estrecha amistad entre el Capitan Arseniev, un topografo del ejercito ruso encargado de buscar nuevos territorios ricos en recursos naturales, y Dersu Uzala, un cazador de la tribu China Hezhen, casi ermitano, que vive en medio del bosque y mantiene un vinculo animista, cosmogonico con el mundo natural.
They include the Yimakan, the oral histories of Hezhen in China; Yaokwa, the ritual of the people Enawene Nawe in Brazil to maintain the social and cosmic order; and the Saman dance from the Indonesian province of Aceh.
Tho Province in Vietnam, and the Hezhen Yimakan storytelling in China were
National Committee chair Gong Hezhen may actually have been shocked at Cheng's radical undertones as she worked hard to maintain the YWCA's position as a middle-class women's organization.
Joint Committee chair Cong Hezhen also wrote Fressenden, telling him the Joint Committee would "do anything in its power" to cooperate in seeing the commission report enacted into law.
Committee chair Gong Hezhen (who signed her English name, Anna Kong Mei) wrote a brief but emphatic note stating that, contrary to the opinion of some in the "foreign community," the Chinese were not indifferent to the issue and that "there have been many groups of enlightened Chinese working for the adoption of this important By-law" (69) Committee vice-chair Beatrix Gull addressed her letter to those still mulling over the issue.
Dingman associated with veteran YWCA secretaries who had been on the ground in China for years and with Chinese women on the Joint Committee such as Gong Hezhen and Soong Meiling, both of whom were fluent in English.
Among the dead was one of Lu Xun's students at the Beijing Women's Normal College, Liu Hezhen [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1904-1926).
It is instead an interpretation of the aftermath, an announcement that witnesses (including Lu himself, perhaps) and participants (including his readers, as Liu Hezhen had been) would redouble their efforts.
42) Lu Xun, "In Memory of Miss Liu Hezhen," in Lu Xun: Selected Works, trans.