Hicks, Edward

Hicks, Edward,

1780–1849, American painter and preacher, b. Bucks co., Pa. A member of the Society of Friends, he became a noted back-country preacher in the conservative group of Quakers associated with his cousin Elias HicksHicks, Elias,
1748–1830, American Quaker preacher, b. Hempstead, N.Y. He worked on his Long Island farm between his preaching tours, which established his reputation as one of the most able Quaker preachers of the times.
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. He supported himself by painting carriages, signs, furniture, and the like. Hicks's fame rests mainly on the painting The Peaceable Kingdom, nearly 100 versions of which he is believed to have executed, 62 of them still extant. A completely untrained primitive artist who developed considerable skill during his nearly 30 years of easel painting, he borrowed many of his early animal groups from European engravings. His paintings, which also include farm groups and animal portraits, have great charm and appeal. In his day Hicks was known mainly as a preacher.


See biographies by E. P. Mather and D. C. Miller (1983), A. Ford (1985), and C. J. Weekley (1999); study by A. Ford (1952, repr. 1973).

Hicks, Edward

(1780–1849) painter; born in Attleborough (now Langhorne), Pa. A Quaker minister, he also earned a living by painting signs, carriages, and, most importantly, primitive folk scenes. The series of paintings he called The Peaceable Kingdom, based on the eleventh chapter of Isaiah, where the animal kingdom lives in harmony together, occupied him for much of his painting life and has brought him continuing fame.