Miguel Hidalgo

(redirected from Hidalgo y Costilla)

Hidalgo, Miguel


(Hidalgo y Costilla). Born May 8, 1753, in Corralejos, in the state of Guanajuato; died July 30, 1811, in Chihuahua, in the state of Chihuahua. National hero of Mexico. Leader of the popular uprising of 1810–1811, which developed into a war for Mexican independence from Spain.

Hidalgo graduated from a seminary in Valladolid (now Mo-relia), where he subsequently was a teacher and, later, rector. Reduced to being a parish priest for disseminating the ideas of the French Encyclopedists, he continued to speak out for the country’s independence and for the improvement of the economic and legal position of the Indian population. On Sept. 16, 1810, in the city of Dolores, Hidalgo called on the people to rise up in a war of liberation (the grito de Dolores, “the cry of Dolores”), and at the head of a revolutionary army consisting primarily of Indian peasants, mine workers, and peons, he defied the Spanish. In November, a government headed by Hidalgo was created in the city of Guadalajara. It proclaimed the abolition of slavery and promulgated laws returning communal lands to the Indians and lowering taxes. The revolutionary army suffered defeat in January 1811. In March of that year, Hidalgo was taken prisoner, handed over to a court, and shot.


Al’perovich, M. S. Voina za nezavisimost’ Meksiki (1810–1824). Moscow, 1964.
Mancisidor, J. Hidalgo, Morelos, Guerrero[2nd ed.]. Mexico City, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
In 1810, Mexicans were inspired to begin their successful revolt against Spanish rule by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and his ''Grito de Dolores'' (''Cry of Dolores'').
Visitors can witness the re-enactment of El Grito, "the call," that mirrors the call made by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato to his parish on Sept.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and other Mexican revolutionary heroes and used the image of La Virgen as a source of inspiration in their own political and social battles.
He was rewarded with execution, like his fellow priest and revolutionary Padre Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.
15 and 16, the country honors the memory of "the father of the nation," Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, by recreating his famous "Grito de Dolores.
On September 16, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a parish priest in the village of Dolores, gathered his congregation of native Mexicans and mestizos (offspring of Spanish and indigenous parents) to call for Mexican independence, with the exile or arrest of all Spaniards (gachupines) in Mexico who had oppressed and exploited the native populations for hundreds of years.
Born in Costilla and executed in Chihuahua, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla traveled heavily between these two locations in his struggle for Mexico's independence.
On that day in 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla woke up early and rang the bell of his church in the town of Dolores Hidalgo, shouting: ``Viva Mexico
El Grito" commemorates a Mexican tradition dating back to 1810 when Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, in the town of Dolores in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico, gave the signal that initiated the successful war for independence against the Spanish colonial government.
On Wednesday, the eve of Mexican Independence Day, the cities of Los Angeles and San Fernando will commemorate the famous El Grito de Independencia, or the cry of independence made by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in 1810.
Inspired by such principles, the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and others declared the fight for Mexican independence.