Hidatsa


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Hidatsa

(hēdät`sä), Native North Americans, also known as the Minitari and the Gros Ventre. Their language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). After their separation from the CrowCrow,
indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages) and who call themselves the Absaroka, or bird people.
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, with whom they were united before the historic period, they occupied several agricultural villages on the upper Missouri River in North Dakota and were in close alliance with the occupants of other villages, the ArikaraArikara
, Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Caddoan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). Archaeological evidence shows that they occupied the banks of the upper Missouri River since at least the 14th cent.
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 and the MandanMandan
, indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The Mandan were a sedentary tribe of the Plains area and were culturally connected with their neighbors on the Missouri
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. The Hidatsa villages, with circular earth lodges, were enclosed by an earthen wall. Among other Hidatsa traits were the cultivation of corn and an annual organized buffalo hunt. They had a complex social organization and elaborate ceremonies, including the sun dance. After the smallpox epidemic of 1837, they moved up the Missouri and established themselves close to the trading post of Fort Berthold. Together with the Arikara and Mandan, many Hidatsa reside on the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota. There were some 1,500 Hidatsa in the United States in 1990.

Bibliography

See A. W. Bowers, Hidatsa Social and Ceremonial Organization (1965).

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References in periodicals archive ?
When smallpox reached their stationary, densely populated villages, probably through trading parties from the western Plains, an estimated seventy to eighty percent of the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara populations perished.
"The Way to Independence" offers an intimate view into the lives of three members of the Hidatsa tribe, a Siouan people living on the Missouri River in North Dakota at the turn of the century.
The confluence was an ideal location for a trading post, attracting many American Indian tribes from the surrounding areas, including the Assiniboin, Crow, Mandan, Hidatsa, Chippewa, and Sioux.
When early European explorers and fur traders visited the Dakotas, they reported the sedentary, pallisaded villages of the Arikara in South Dakota, and several Mandan, Hidatsa, and Gros Ventre groups along the Missouri River in North Dakota.
The ten Native American nations represented in the exhibition are the Blackfeet, Comanche, Crow, Hidatsa, Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, Southern Cheyenne, Mandan, Nez Perce and Pawnee.
Chapters are partially arranged by tribe, for the first 6 chapters on Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Hidatsa and Mandan, and the Lakota.
The book (first published in 1917; still available in a 1987 reprint edition for under $12) chronicles a year in the agricultural life of an Hidatsa woman, offers sound seed selecting and storing tips, and provides detailed information on cultural practices whose value is every bit as useful to modern gardeners as it was important to a way of life now lost.
All five, the MHA Nation (consisting of the Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara tribes), the Spirit Lake, the Sisseton Wahpeton Sioux, the Standing Rock Sioux and the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa, are either fully or partially based in North Dakota.
The explorers built the fort in 1804 near the five Knife River villages of the Mandan and Hidatsa Indians in present-day North Dakota.
Wilson."(8) In fact, as Brumble has pointed out, this autobiography was never "told" to Wilson but was compiled from several sources.(9) It chronicles the life of Waheenee-wea, or Buffalo-Bird Woman, an Hidatsa woman approximately eighty-three years old.
The Arapaho referred to it as the wolf dance, the Crow and Hidatsa called it the hot dance, Indians around the Great Lakes labeled it the dream dance, and Utes called it the turkey dance.