Hiero


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hiero

 

(Greek, Hieron). In Syracuse:

Hiero I the Elder. Born in Gela, date unknown; died 467 B.C. in Aetna. Ruler of the city of Gela (484-478 B.C.); tyrant of the state of Syracuse (478-467); first to bear the title of archon. Having routed the Etruscan fleet in 474 near Cumae, Hiero I the Elder subdued the cities of southern Italy, including Messana and Rhegium. The state of Syracuse was at its height under Hiero I.

Hiero II the Younger. Born circa 306 B.C.; died circa 215 B.C. in Syracuse. Tyrant of Syracuse (268-215); bore the title of king. He conducted a successful struggle against the Mamertini in 265. Early in the First Punic War (264-241), Hiero II the Younger supported the Carthaginians, but after the siege of Messana and Syracuse by Rome (264), he concluded a peace treaty with Rome in 263, thus assuring the independence of Syracuse. In the Second Punic War (218-201), he sided with the Romans.

Both Hieros encouraged the development of agriculture, crafts, building, and military technology, and both were patrons of art and literature.

REFERENCE

Berve, H. König Hieron II. Munich, 1959.

S. S. SOLOV’EVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
To these great examples I wish to add a lesser one; still it bears some resemblance to them, and I wish it to suffice me for all of a like kind: it is Hiero the Syracusan.[*] This man rose from a private station to be Prince of Syracuse, nor did he, either, owe anything to fortune but opportunity; for the Syracusans, being oppressed, chose him for their captain, afterwards he was rewarded by being made their prince.
Nor are they only destroyed from without, but also from within, when those who have no share in the power bring about a revolution, as happened to Gelon, and lately to Dionysius; to the first, by means of Thrasybulus, the brother of Hiero, who nattered Gelon's son, and induced him to lead a life of pleasure, that he himself might govern; but the family joined together and endeavoured to support the tyranny and expel Thrasybulus; but those whom they made of their party seized the opportunity and expelled the whole family.
The word comes from the Greek word, "hieroglyphikos" (hiero: holy; glypho: writing), meaning "sacred carving." The meaning of hieroglyph is now extended to mean "picture writing" and can apply to written language systems of many cultures.
Un- and badly educated pundits who couldn't identify Hiero I of Syracuse using all three of their lifelines have been saying the same thing for more than three years.
Xenophon underlined Hiero's solitude in the homonymous dialogue,
It can, however, work directly in conjunction with DaVinci Resolve via a clip link, similar to the link between After Effects and Premiere or Nuke and Nuke Studio (Hiero).
It also revisits Xenophones' Hiero, Plato's conspiracy against the Sophists as intermissions to the discussions of the same and lastly, attempts to explain the conspiracy theory against Plato by reading Plato via Homer's Odyssey.
The book opens with the description of the arrest of Afro-German jazz musician Hieronymus ("Hiero") Falk by the Nazis--"Paris 1940"--and closes by providing some of the long delayed answers as to his later circumstances-- "Poland 1992." In between those two dates, the narrative shuttles from the repressed memories of those hard times revisited in two large central sections--"Berlin 1939" and "Paris 1939"--to two shorter contemporary units both set in "Berlin 1992" recording Hiero's friends' troubled feelings over their recovery.