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(Greek, Hieron). In Syracuse:

Hiero I the Elder. Born in Gela, date unknown; died 467 B.C. in Aetna. Ruler of the city of Gela (484-478 B.C.); tyrant of the state of Syracuse (478-467); first to bear the title of archon. Having routed the Etruscan fleet in 474 near Cumae, Hiero I the Elder subdued the cities of southern Italy, including Messana and Rhegium. The state of Syracuse was at its height under Hiero I.

Hiero II the Younger. Born circa 306 B.C.; died circa 215 B.C. in Syracuse. Tyrant of Syracuse (268-215); bore the title of king. He conducted a successful struggle against the Mamertini in 265. Early in the First Punic War (264-241), Hiero II the Younger supported the Carthaginians, but after the siege of Messana and Syracuse by Rome (264), he concluded a peace treaty with Rome in 263, thus assuring the independence of Syracuse. In the Second Punic War (218-201), he sided with the Romans.

Both Hieros encouraged the development of agriculture, crafts, building, and military technology, and both were patrons of art and literature.


Berve, H. König Hieron II. Munich, 1959.


References in classic literature ?
To these great examples I wish to add a lesser one; still it bears some resemblance to them, and I wish it to suffice me for all of a like kind: it is Hiero the Syracusan.
Nor are they only destroyed from without, but also from within, when those who have no share in the power bring about a revolution, as happened to Gelon, and lately to Dionysius; to the first, by means of Thrasybulus, the brother of Hiero, who nattered Gelon's son, and induced him to lead a life of pleasure, that he himself might govern; but the family joined together and endeavoured to support the tyranny and expel Thrasybulus; but those whom they made of their party seized the opportunity and expelled the whole family.
Ben Ashton, 32, whose son Hiero is taking part because his brother has Asperger's syndrome, was nervous before Hiero was born to know if he would be on the autistic spectrum.
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A Roman ally, King Hiero of Sicily, required each locality to keep economic statistics on acreage under cultivation, seeds planted, and crops produced.
On Tyranny is, ostensibly, a commentary on Xenophon's Hiero, a work that explores the characteristics of classical tyranny.
See generally Leo Strauss, Restatement on Xenophon's Hiero, in WHAT IS POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY?
Juvenal's Satires, and Quintilian, Euclid, Archimedes and Hiero, hydrostatic experiments and Coke on Littleton, Tristram Shandy and Petronius, Halley and Price and Prometheus, Don Quixote and Swift's Tale of a Tub, Locke's Essay on Human Understanding, and Turkish travellers, chase one another up and down to the bewilderment of all but the universal scholar.
In this instance Figueroa again manipulates the punctuation of the verse, this time by separating with another semicolon the "Y no dire" from the accusation "de fieras tienes hecho/ el corazon, antes de hiero el pecho?
Hiero, king of Syracuse, asked Archimedes to design a defense for the city.
Conversations--amid play--bring to light Syracuse's great periods: when Pindar and Aeschylus had visited the land during Hiero I's reign.
In turn, the metamorphosis of Hiero I from tyrant to just king is credited to Simonides and Pindar, as another tribute to the superior powers of the poet (128).