Hieroglyphs


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Hieroglyphs

 

the most ancient pictorial symbols of Egyptian writing, used from the end of the fourth millennium B.C. (as distinct from the hieratic and demotic scripts). About 5,000 different Egyptian hieroglyphs are known, although no more than 700–800 were used in each era. Four types of Egyptian hieroglyphs are distinguished: (1) single-consonant signs (approximately 30), which represented the consonants of the Egyptian language; (2) two-consonant and three-consonant signs for the phonetic representation of morphemes; (3) ideograms for the representation of entire words; and (4) determinatives, un-pronounced auxiliary ideographic symbols indicating word meanings more precisely.

The term “hieroglyph” is also used with respect to the symbols of other writing systems. Thus, the characters of ancient (2000 B.C. ) and modern Chinese writing and the symbols of the noncuneiform pictorial variety of Hittite writing (2000–1000 B.C.) are usually called hieroglyphs.

REFERENCES

Istrin, V. A. Vozniknovenie i razvitie pis’ma. Moscow, 1965.
Diringer, D. Alfavit. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from English.)
Champollion, J. F. O egipetskom ieroglificheskom alfavite. Moscow, 1950. (Translated from French.)
Gelb, I. J. A Study of Writing: The Foundations of Grammatology. London, 1952.
Jensen, H. Die Schrift in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1958.

T. V. MISHINA


Hieroglyphs

 

in geology, randomly curved ridges, furrows, and other forms of imprints on the bedding surfaces of some rocks, usually fine-grained ones (for example, in flysch). They are often molds with the irregularities of the surface of that layer on which the next younger bed was deposited (negative hieroglyphs). Such hieroglyphs may occur through filling up small depressions (furrows) formed by streams (sinter hieroglyphs) or when water currents drag various objects along the bottom.

References in periodicals archive ?
32-34) that the diachronic development of the mixed logographic-phonetic system of the Anatolian hieroglyphs is not, as previously assumed (for this system and more generally), a linear progressive one from entirely logographic to fully phonetic spelling; the use of a logographic "determinative" plus full phonetic spelling is the endpoint and the product of full phonetic spelling alone, not vice-versa.
"We know from the hieroglyphs that Mer-Neith-it-es worked in the Temple of Sekhmet, the lion-headed goddess," Fraser said.
According to a report on gaming website Polygon, this is interesting because nobody expects in-game hieroglyphs to hold any true meaning.
The former was possessed of an obsessive, single-minded devotion to the problem of the hieroglyphs (and fell in love with Egyptian art and culture); the latter was a sociable polymath and practicing physician who pursued his Egyptian studies among a variety of other interests in his "off-hours." This is a book that should be read by anyone interested in the period, in the history of Egyptology and ancient studies, or anyone looking for a good and memorable read.
According to hieroglyphs, Taita was asked to find a way to crush Southern Egypt's greatest enemy, the Hyksos people in the north.
Egypt's Antiquities Minister, Mohammed Ibrahim, said that the mummy preserved wooden sarcophagus dates back to 1600 BC and it appears to belong to a high official, as it is engraved with hieroglyphs and decorated with inscriptions of bird feathers, the Independent reported.
A producA[degrees]tive distraction that does not involve long hours in front of the TV or computer, children acquaint themselves with dragA[degrees] ons from China, hieroglyphs from Egypt, rangoli designs from India and Italian masks using paper and markers.
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Translating Maya Hieroglyphs provides a fine step-by-step guide to reading Maya glyphs, and opens with a description of how to break down an ancient Maya text into individual glyphs in the correct reading order, then how to convert a Mayan writing into modern English.
This unique artefact features a royal decree from Pharaoh Ptolemy V (196 BC) written in three texts: ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs, Demotic and Ancient Greek.
The new catalog of Maya hieroglyphs; v.1: The Classic Period inscriptions.