Hieronymus Bosch

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Bosch, Hieronymus,


Jerom Bos

(hērôn`ĭməs, yā`rôm bôs), c.1450–1516, Flemish painter. His surname was originally van Aeken; Bosch refers to 's-Hertogenbosch (popularly called Den Bosch), where he was born and worked. Little is known of his life and training, although it is clear that he belonged to a family of painters. His paintings are executed in brilliant colors and with an uncanny mastery of detail, filled with strangely animated objects, bizarre plants and animals, and monstrous, amusing, or diabolical figures believed to have been suggested by folk legends, allegorical poems, moralizing religious literature, and aspects of late Gothic art. Such works as the Garden of Earthly Delights (Prado) appear to be intricate allegories; their symbolism, however, is obscure and has consistently defied unified interpretation. Bosch clearly had an interest in the grotesque, the diabolical, the exuberant, and the macabre. He also may have been the first European painter to depict scenes of everyday life, although often with a strong element of the bizarre.

The Temptation of St. Anthony and The Last Judgment were recurring themes; versions of the Adoration of the Magi are in the Metropolitan Museum and in the Philadelphia Museum, which also has the Mocking of Christ. He had many imitators and signed only seven of his paintings, and scholars have attributed over the years fewer and fewer of the works originally thought to be his to him. By the beginning of the 21st cent., only 25 to 30 paintings and some 20 drawings were definitively ascribed to Bosch. He deeply influenced the work of Peter BruegelBruegel,
or Breughel
, outstanding family of Flemish genre and landscape painters. The foremost, Pieter Bruegel, the Elder, c.
..... Click the link for more information.
 the Elder, and in the 20th cent. was hailed as a forerunner of the surrealists; his work continues to be influential.


See his paintings, ed. by G. Martin (1966, repr. 1971); biographies by W. Fraenger (1983), W. S. Gibson (1985), and G. Schwartz (2016); studies by J. Snyder, ed. (1973) and G. Schwartz (1997).

Bosch, Hieronymus


(pseudonym of Hieronymus van Aeken). Born circa 1450–60 in s’Hertogenbosch; died there in 1516. Dutch painter.

Bosch painted religious, allegorical, and genre subjects —The Temptation of Saint Anthony, in the National Museum of Ancient Art, Lisbon; The Head Operation and the triptychs the Haywain, the Garden of Earthly Delights, and the Adoration of the Magi, in the Prado, Madrid; the Ship of Fools, in the Louvre, Paris; and The Prodigal Son, in the Boymans-van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam. Bosch’s art, which developed at a turning point in the history of Dutch painting, is complex and contradictory. It is characterized by a bold widening of the range of themes and objects which were of unusual character and frequently fantastic quality. Bosch combined a highly developed medieval sense of fantasy and somber, demonic images with popular satirical and moralistic tendencies. The sources of his art were popular proverbs, sayings, parables, and superstitions. Bosch’s innovative trends, the vividness of his folk types and scenes of everyday life, and the striking freshness and vitality of his landscape backgrounds paved the way for the development of Dutch genre and landscape painting.


Tolnay, K. Hieronimus Bosch. Baden-Baden, 1965.

Bosch, Hieronymus

(c. 1450–1516) paintings contain grotesque representations of evil and temptation. [Art Hist.: Osborne, 149]
See: Horror
References in periodicals archive ?
Likewise in public health, where an endless supply of unseen creatures, as monstrous and horrific as any found in science fiction, the art of Hieronymus Bosch, or Jim Barsness' imagination, await the opportunity to wreak havoc.
He recalls that Miller said that he preferred Smile at the Foot of the Ladder and Big Sur and the Oranges of Hieronymus Bosch to the Parisian books.
Kenny explains, "It's a work of art, painted by Hieronymus Bosch in the fifteenth century.
The void in the larger paintings is a very important dynamic space because it gives more of an opportunity for chance to plays its part," says Acloque, who is influenced by Netherlandish painters Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Brueghel, as well as Victorian fairy paintings.
John Dee; Middle English verse treatises in early modern manuscripts; physical chemistry and theo-chemistry in the works of Heinrich Khunrath (1560-1605); and the Cure of Folly by Hieronymus Bosch.
He elided institutions, invoked Hieronymus Bosch and Salvador Dali, and best of all, he tapped running as the purest of all sports.
That distinction belongs to Hieronymus Bosch, a melon round head leering with a pumpkin's grin.
Inspired, in part, by Ship of Fools by Hieronymus Bosch, the painting is filled with many biblical allusions.
Elsig places the Songes in the tradition of 'droleries', whimsical drawings which often appeared in the margins of medieval manuscripts from northern France and the Low Countries, and which entered high art with Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel the Elder.
Certainly, it seemed as if the federal government was doing nothing while something out of Hieronymus Bosch was being recreated right before our eyes.
Her photos are often as absurd and surreal as the material that has influenced them--from the work of Hieronymus Bosch to 15th- and 16th-century alchemical imagery--and her work emphasizes the potential queerness of everyday objects.
Esta afirmacion proveniente de una de las estudiosas de la obra machadiana me animo a profundizar en un fenomeno que habia contemplado con curiosidad: la relacion existente entre el poema de Machado "Recuerdos de sueno, fiebre y duermivela" de 1928 y el famoso cuadro El jardin de las delicias de Hieronymus Bosch, popularmente conocido como el Bosco, pintado entre 1485 y 1510.