Higgs, Peter Ware

Higgs, Peter Ware,

1929–, British theoretical physicist, Ph.D. Kings College London, 1954. Higgs joined the faculty at the Univ. of Edinburgh in 1960. He was awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics with François EnglertEnglert, François,
1932–, Belgian theoretical physicist, Ph.D. Université libre de Bruxelles (U.L.B.), Brussels, 1959. He has been a professor at U.L.B. since 1964. Englert was the recipient, jointly with Peter W.
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 for the theory of how particles acquire mass. Higgs proposed the theory in 1964; working independently, Englert and Robert Brout, as well as a third group of physicists, presented similar papers that year. In 2012, the theory was confirmed by researchers at the CERNCERN
or European Organization for Nuclear Research,
nuclear and particle physics research center straddling the French-Swiss border W of Geneva, Switzerland. Established in 1952 as the provisional European Center for Nuclear Research (the acronym CERN derives from this
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 laboratory in Switzerland when they detected the so-called Higgs particle, or Higgs boson. This work was central to defining how the universe is built, as it explains how elementary matter gathers the mass to form everything from plants and animals to stars and planets. See also elementary particleselementary particles,
the most basic physical constituents of the universe. Basic Constituents of Matter

Molecules are built up from the atom, which is the basic unit of any chemical element. The atom in turn is made from the proton, neutron, and electron.
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.
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