Higgs boson


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Higgs boson:

see elementary particleselementary particles,
the most basic physical constituents of the universe. Basic Constituents of Matter

Molecules are built up from the atom, which is the basic unit of any chemical element. The atom in turn is made from the proton, neutron, and electron.
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.

Higgs boson

An elementary scalar particle in the Glashow-Weinberg-Salam theory of electromagnetic and weak interactions. At present, there is no direct experimental evidence for its existence. It is closely associated with the origin of mass for all known elementary particles, as described in the Glashow-Weinberg-Salam theory. This gives the Higgs boson distinctive properties which shape the search for it. See Electroweak interaction, Standard model

The mass of the Higgs boson is uncertain theoretically, being determined by the parameters of the scalar self-interactions. It is strongly suspected, however, that the Higgs mass is between about 114 and 200 GeV/c2 (where c is the speed of light).

The fact that the Higgs particle is closely related to the origin of mass endows it with special properties crucial in its production and detection. The illustration shows how the decay pattern of a standard-model Higgs boson depends on its mass.

Dependence of the decay probabilities of a standard-model Higgs boson on its massenlarge picture
Dependence of the decay probabilities of a standard-model Higgs boson on its mass

The first extensive searches for the Higgs boson were carried out at the Large Electron Positron Storage Ring (LEP) and Stanford Linear Collider (SLC), e+e- machines with sufficient center-of-mass energy to operate at the Z resonance. The LEP was subsequently upgraded, and there were signs that experiments at center-of-mass energies up to 208 GeV/c2 might be seeing the Higgs boson, but these were not sufficient to delay the machine's shutdown in November 2000 to make way for the construction of the Large Hardon Collider (LHC) in the same tunnel.

The next particle accelerators to extend the Higgs boson search will probably be hadron colliders (proton-proton or proton-antiproton), particularly the LHC. See Elementary particle, Particle accelerator

Higgs boson

The most elementary atomic particle discovered to date at the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland. With 99.9% certainty, the Higgs is said to be the particle that gives all other particles mass. It is smaller than all other particles but also heavier in atomic weight. Considered the glue of the universe, the Higgs is an invisible energy field that fills space.

The Higgs Is a Type of Boson
Named after Satyendra Nath Bose, a boson is a particle that shares quantum states and behaves collectively; for example, a photon is a boson. The Higgs is a type of boson that was postulated by three scientists in the 1960s: Peter Higgs, Francois Englert and Tom Kibble, all of whom were present in Geneva in 2012 when the discovery was officially announced. See quantum state and particle accelerator.


The God Particle
Higgs is also called the "God Particle" after Leon Lederman's book, written two decades before it was finally observed. The book takes you through 2,500 years of physics with a sense of humor and an uncanny way of really teaching the subject.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dove, "Charged and pseudoscalar Higgs boson production at a muon collider," Physical Review D, vol.
However, since the Higgs boson was the last missing piece of the (http://home.cern/about/physics/standard-model) Standard Model , the discovery of a particle much heavier than the Higgs would probably achieve what particle physics has long hoped for - break the Standard Model and open the door to an era of new physics, one that may explain the preponderance of dark matter and dark energy in the universe.
What you think of as particles interact (by bouncing off each other), it's really the vibrations in the fields that are doing a very complicated dance." It says the Higgs Boson permeates all of space and time, and it also gets to play with other fields too.
Assuming the baryon and lepton number conservation, the most general form of dimension-6 effective Lagrangian including Higgs boson couplings that keep SM gauge symmetry is given as follows:
"The Higgs boson plays a crucial role in our world - it provides mass to the Z and to the related W particles through a mechanism known as electroweak symmetry breaking.
It was in 2013 he got the Nobel prize for physics which he shared with Francois Englert of the Free University of Brussels who had independently come up with a model explaining why particles are not massless and this model requires the existence of the Higgs boson.
In particular, scientists are searching for a Higgs boson produced alongside two top quarks.
I wonder if targeting the Higgs bosons that attach to my energy might be an easy way to lose weight, but -- more importantly -- I marvel at what this discovery reveals about the mystery of God's world.
With a beam energy of 13 TeV - almost twice that which produced the Higgs boson - it is conceivable that the LHC will capture dark matter, marking a leap forward in our understanding of the universe.
Besides looking for dark matter, the scientists will want to learn more about the Higgs boson, he said.
That equation predicted the mass of the Higgs boson, according to author Simon Singh.
Speaking at a literary festival author Simon Singh said: "at equation predicts the mass of the Higgs boson.