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Helwan (hĕlwänˈ), Hilwan (hĭl) (–) (wänˈ), or Hulwan (ho͝ol) (–) (wänˈ), town (1989 est. pop. 230,000), N Egypt, on the Nile River, opposite the ruins of Memphis; a suburb of Cairo. Manufactures include iron and steel, cement, and textiles; there is a food-processing and automobile industry. Helwan has a metallurgical research center and an astronomical observatory. The town, the site of ancient settlements, is also a health resort, long known for its hot sulfur springs. An ancient burial chamber, one of the largest in the world, was discovered at Helwan in 1946.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Egypt, on the lower course of the Nile; a suburb of Cairo. Population, 203,500 (1966).

Helwan has a fertilizer plant, and nearby is a metallurgical plant, the first stage of which was built with aid from the USSR. Railroad cars, cement, and silk fabrics are also produced. The Helwan necropolis is located 5 km from the city.

Helwan is a climatic and balneological health resort. The climate is dry (annual precipitation, approximately 40 mm), and summers are hot (average July temperature, 35.5°C). Winter is the mildest season, with temperatures averaging 16.6°C in December, 14.8°C in January, and 16.5°C in February.

Treatment includes therapeutic bathing using the beneficial effects of solar radiation, air, and sand. There are thermal mineral springs (25°–33°C), whose hydrogen sulphide chloride-sulfate-sodium waters are used for bathing, drinking, and inhalation. Patients are treated for disorders of the urinary tract, kidneys, parietal musculature, skin, nervous system, and metabolic system. Facilities include sanatoriums, a balneological treatment center, hotels, and tourist hostels.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
CAIRO - Egypt and Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development signed loan agreement by which Cairo receives a loan for KD 30 million from KFAED to fund a power station in the city of Hilwan, south of Cairo.
Agudez identified Felix, a village councilman of Hilwan in Tapaz town, Capiz, as the gunman, according to Vargas.
Egyptian Hilwan strategic studies Professor University Professor Mohammed Abu Hamoud also conducted a key workshop under the theme: "Strategic Planning for a Changing World".
They have also promoted more appealing slogans, particularly in impoverished areas like Hilwan, calling on local residents to stop paying water, gas, and electricity bills, knowing that this will resonate well among the public, particularly in the current, harsh economic conditions.
Rift Qassim, professor of social service at Egyptian Hilwan university who spoke about modern methods of intervention in the area of socialization.
"Music is a universal language," explained Maj Mohammad Al Shair, Head of the Dubai Police Music Department, who studied music for five years in Egypt's Hilwan University.
The cities and towns of this new Ustan were Kirmanshan, Chamchamal, Kingawar, Dinawar, Alishtar, Bestun, Harsin, Krind, Hilwan, Sharazur, Sisar, Mahidasht, Sultan, Abad, Bahar, and others.
Born in Jerusalem in 1952 Dweik received a BA degree in Art & Design from Hilwan University in Egypt.
If, for example, he knows that the tanks are at Heliopolis, he should say they are at Hilwan."
Authorities found weapons in Ismailiyah, Al-Shamaliyah, Mukatam Hills and Hilwan. Some of the weapons were World War II surplus.
Workers of the number 36 factory in Hilwan sat in in 1983, demanding a cost-of-living increase and payment of incentives that had been withheld.
CAIRO, March 15 (KUNA) -- Egypt and the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED) signed on Tuesday a loan agreement by which Egypt receives a loan for KD 30 million from KFAED to fund a power station in the city of Hilwan, south of Cairo.