Himyarite Kingdom


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Himyarite Kingdom

 

an ancient state that arose in southwestern South Arabia at the end of the second century B.C. By the beginning of the first century A.D., the Himyarite kingdom included all sea trading points on the southwestern coast of South Arabia. The kingdom conquered part of the coast of East Africa and a significant portion of the territory of Saba. By the end of the second century A.D., the combined forces of Saba, Aksum, and Hadhramaut defeated the Himyarite kingdom and made it a vassal state of Saba. In the early fourth century, all of South Arabia again came under the power of the Himyarite kingdom. The territory of the kingdom was conquered by the Ethiopians in the early sixth century and by the Sassanids in the 570’s.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 517, the enthronement of a Jewish king led Christians to seize a major town of the Himyarite kingdom. After mustering an army, Dhu-Nuwas inflicted a costly defeat on the rebels, taking many prisoners, and destroying their church.
The construction of nawbat traces back to the pre-Islamic period of the Himyarite kingdom, according to Ali Al-Moqri, a Yemeni author.
The last of the great pre-Islamic kingdoms was that of Himyar, which lasted from about the 1st century BC until the 500s AD (seeHimyarites), at their heights, the Sabaean and Himyarite kingdoms encompassed most of historic Yemen, because of their prominence and prosperity, the states and societies of ancient Yemen were collectively called Arabia Felix in Latin, meaning "Happy Arabia." However, when the Romans occupied Egypt in the 1st century BC they made the Red Sea their primary avenue of commerce.