Hines, Earl

Hines, Earl (Kenneth) “Fatha”

(1903–83) jazz musician; born in Duquesne, Pa. He was the first widely influential jazz pianist, showcasing his "trumpet-style" on solo recordings and with Louis Armstrong and Jimmie Noone in 1927–28. Between 1928–40, he became established as a major Swing era bandleader at the Grand Terrace in Chicago. He continued to lead a big band until 1948, working thereafter in small groups until the 1970s.
References in periodicals archive ?
The new epiphany goes so far as to conclude that Hines's unmatched "technique and creativity" led to "somewhat unsatisfying" recordings in his early years "so loaded with ideas and so impetuous that the results were often overly busy and scattered." According to this revisionist view, by his last two decades, "Hines had added to his great pianistic gifts a capacity for restraint and a much improved sense of direction" to produce a series of solo albums that "consistently capture his mature style and together form one of the greatest bodies of jazz piano playing" ("Hines, Earl (Kenneth)," Grove Music Online [Jazz, 2002], http://www.grovemusic.com [accessed 21 February 2007]).