Hines, Earl (Kenneth) “Fatha”(1903–83) jazz musician; born in Duquesne, Pa. He was the first widely influential jazz pianist, showcasing his "trumpet-style" on solo recordings and with Louis Armstrong and Jimmie Noone in 1927–28. Between 1928–40, he became established as a major Swing era bandleader at the Grand Terrace in Chicago. He continued to lead a big band until 1948, working thereafter in small groups until the 1970s.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.