From my window I can look down into Gai Hinnom
. King David, peeping at the same view from the opposite side of the valley, spied Bathsheba in her bath.
Indeed, the practice apparently had been adopted in Jeremiah's time even in the land of Judah: "And they [the children of Judah] have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom
, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I commanded them not, neither came it into my heart." (Jer.
She then classifies Hebrew epigraphic sources as `Short Texts' (abecedaries, graffiti, the Ketef Hinnom
amulets, many ostraca), `Letters' and `Monumental Evidence' (the Siloam Tunnel, Mesha and Deir `Alla inscriptions) to reinforce her view of writing as a tool for brief communications or monumental icons.
The sinister name of Tophet, however, comes from the Bible: `the high places of Tophet' which the children of Judah built in the valley of the sons of Hinnom
at Jerusalem, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire' as sacrificial offerings `to Baal (Jeremiah 7:31; 19:5-6).
Sick of the gods and their fires I lived without the law in the deepest part of the valley of Hinnom
. Gone were my old companions, the balance of heaven and earth; only the ram was true, his festering lameness dragged across the stars.
A valley south of Jerusalem, at the extremity of Gehenna or the Valley of Hinnom
, where children were burnt alive in idolatrous rites as sacrifices to Moloch.
The walls of Jerusalem's Hinnom
Valleya narrow, sloping ravine that was once the site of biblical hellfire and idol worship, and remains the very epicenter of east and west, Jew and Arab, and all things combustible in modern-day Israelare jutting sheets of inhospitable stone.
Lewis, "Job 19 in the Light of the Ketef Hinnom
Inscriptions and Amulets" (pp.
He's like a contemporary Peter Gabriel, able to create beautiful piano ballads like Wash with the David Bowie-tinged synth of Hinnom
The word here, which tends to be translated as "hell," is actually Gahenna or the valley of Hinnom
. This valley, located outside of Jerusalem, was at one time the site of child sacrifices, and this kind of horror, punishment, and death is associated with the name.
was located "at the end of the valley of giants," the Valley of Rephaim.
Rich in examples cited from hundreds of verses, and systematic in presentation and argumentation, the volume includes a wealth of bibliographical intelligence, much technical data, and an attractive selection of plates illustrating texts that range from the one discovered in Ketef Hinnom
in Jerusalem and dated to the seventh pre-Christian century to that favoured by the Hebrew University Bible Project in Jerusalem in 1975-81.