Hippodamus

Hippodamus

(hĭpŏd`əməs), fl. 5th cent. B.C., Greek architect, b. Miletus. He was the first to plan cities according to geometric layouts. For Pericles he remodeled Piraeus (the port of Athens). He also planned (408) the city of Rhodes and went with the Athenian colonists to replan (c.440) the new city of Thurii in Italy. Other cities of the ancient world followed his methods.
References in classic literature ?
So the Athenians, when they were founding their model new colony at Thurii, employed Hippodamus of Miletus, whom Aristotle mentions in Book II, as the best expert in town-planning, to plan the streets of the city, and Protagoras as the best expert in law-making, to give the city its laws.
Diomed son of Tydeus slew them both and stripped them of their armour, while Ulysses killed Hippodamus and Hypeirochus.
3), along with the name of the architect Hippodamus (498-408 BCE).
1) One urbanism activity in Seleucid was establishing newly built cities and towns using Greek Style and Chess network of Hippodamus, which was mainly done to strengthen power and preserve Seleucid territory.
The first model made full use of the rationalist legacy of Greek utopianism in order to describe a society whose pinnacle was a citta perfetta, serving more as an intellectual rejuvenation of Hippodamus and Vitruvius rather than as a model for political action.
From the unwritten laws of Lycurgus that created the foundations of the Spartan state, to the written laws of Solon in Athens, to Hippodamus on civic planning, Zaleucus on the divine source of laws, Philolaus on family laws and much more, Early Greek Lawgivers offers a fascinating glimpse into ideas and lives of notable figures in classical Greek history.
His recent publications include "Marx's Criticism of the Utopian Socialists" (Utopian Studies); "Values and Planning: The Argument from Renaissance Utopianism," (Ethics, Place, and the Environment); "The Two Professions of Hippodamus of Miletus: On the Relationship Between Philosophy and Urban Planning" (Philosophy and Geography); and "Popper's Anti-Utopianism and the Concept of Open Society" (Journal of Value Inquiry).
Later, in De militia, he had advocated a return to a classicall y inspired citizen militia based on a combination of elements derived from the military systems envisaged by Greek philosophers like Plato and Hippodamus and Romulus' Roman militia.
The city of Hippodamus was composed of 10,000 citizens divided into three parts--one of artisans, one of husbandmen, and a third of armed defenders of the state.
Town planning was invented by the Greek, Hippodamus, who redesigned his city of Miletus, after Persians destroyed it.