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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Elaeagnaceae. There are three species, growing predominantly in the temperate zone of Eurasia. One species, the sea buckthorn (H. rhamnoides), is found in the USSR, growing in the western and southern European USSR, Southern Siberia, Middle Asia, and the Caucasus. The plant, a shrub or small tree, is up to 11 m tall and has thorny branches and linear or linear-lanceolate leaves. The stellate-squamose hairs impart a silvery tinge to the leaves. The flowers are unisexual and small. The staminate flowers have bipartite perianths and four stamens; the pistillate flowers have tubular, bilobular perianths. The drupelike fruit has a juicy, fleshy pulp and appears to be stuck to the stalk.

Hippophaë grows along seas and lakes, in the floodplains of rivers and streams, on gravels and sands, and in mountains at elevations to 2,100 m. The plants are cultivated as ornamentals and for their fruit. They are also used for stabilizing sands, landslides, slopes, and ravines. Hedges are made with the plants. The fruits are rich in vitamins and are used in preparing infusions, liqueurs, and jams. They also yield a medicinal oil consisting of tocopherols (110 mg percent) and a mixture of carotene and carotenoids (180 mg percent), as well as glycerides of oleic, linoleic, palmitic, and stearic acids. The plants are used internally for treating gastric ulcers and externally for treating burns, bedsores, and radiation injuries to the skin. The leaves serve as raw material for tanning.


Iakovlev-Sibiriak, I. I. Oblepikha i lokh, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1954.
Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
Oblepikha ν kul’ture (collection). Barnaul, 1970.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
and sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) (SEB), and trees such as black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) and Chinese pine (Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.) (CHP).
Effect of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) seed supplementation on egg quality and cholesterol of Rhode Island Red x Fayoumi laying hens.
Simultaneous determination of catechin, rutin, quercetin kaempferol and isorhamnetin in the extract of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) leaves by RPHPLC with DAD.
Other dioecious (those which produce a male and a female plant, requiring one of each to pollinate the fruits) include sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides), Aucuba japonica and Viburnum davidii.
Nuestra variedad tolerante presento un mayor numero de DEGs sobreexpresados comparado con la variedad susceptible, lo cual coincide con lo reportado por Chaudhary y Sharma (2015), quienes encontraron mayor sobre-expresion de DEGs en pepino amarillo (Hippophae rhamnoides) tolerante al estres por helada, sugiriendo que la respuesta al estres por helada esta correlacionada directamente con la regulacion positiva de genes.
Antioxidant and radical scavenging activities in fruits of 6 sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) cultivars.
On the other hand, the heavy metals content in leaves of the forest fruits (Hippophae rhamnoides and Rubus fruticosus) from the tailings dumps mining have revealed potentially toxic metals bioaccumulated in much larger quantities in the leaves of blackberry, highlighing the recommendation that these leaves may not used for medical purposes [8].
The investigated plant namely Elaeagnus umbellata is belonging to Elaeagnaceae family comprises of three genera including Elaeagnus (70 species), Hippophae (07 species), and Shepherdia (03 species).
Trajkorski, "Changes in antioxidant effects and their relationship to phytonutrients in fruits of Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) during maturation," Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol.
Misra, "Subcritical water extraction of antioxidant compounds from seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) leaves for the comparative evaluation of antioxidant activity," Food Chemistry, vol.
Ratti, "Drying of Seabuckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) Berry: Impact of Dehydration Methods on Kinetics and Quality," Drying Technology, vol.