Meanwhile, among the 10 potential biomarkers associated with blood stasis in rat urine, changes of 8 biomarkers including N-acetyl glycoprotein, succinate, 2-oxoglutarate, citrate, glycine, sarcosine, phenylacetylglycine and hippurate
were significantly reduced by puerarin (Fig.
Changes in hippurate
and aromatic metabolites are closely correlated to the activities of gut microflora (Phipps et al.
Qualitative phase analysis of the samples showed presence of organic compounds like GB- Naphthylbismuth dioxide (1), Sodium hippurate
(2), Sodium-GA-naphthylamine-4-sulfonate tetrahydrate (3), Potassium phenoxide (4), Bismuth salicylate (5), Cadmium salicylate hydrate (6), Barium phenolsulfonate (7) the relevant codes specified in brackets shown in (Table 2).
These anti-infective agents, including methenamine hippurate
and methenamine mandelate, often are used to prevent UTI.
2011; Walther 1988) Premature birth: high blood Markers that vary with pressure (males) and diabetes gestational age: hippurate
, (Johansson et al.
A variable behavior was demonstrated in the production of nitrate reductase, urease, and reduction of hippurate
10) Pharmacological management of ammonia removal includes sodium phenylacetate, sodium benzoate, and sodium phenylbutyrate, which act in combination with glutamine or glycine and convert ammonia to either phenylacetylglutamine or hippurate
that are easily excreted by kidneys.
The two agents that are best supported in the literature for chronic low-dose prophylaxis are nitrofurantoin and methenamine hippurate
16]) and mean 24-hour urinary excretion of alanine (direct) and hippurate
(inverse), reflecting diet and gut microbial activities, were also associated with blood pressure of these individuals.
The tests used included oxidase tests, hippurate
hydrolysis, nitrate reduction, hydrogen sulphide production (in triple sugar iron agar), and susceptibility to cephalothin and nalidixic acid.
However it was unable to utilize sucrose, raffinose, adonitol, methyl A-D mannoside, inositol, xylitol, isobutyrate, methyl A-D glucopyranoside, salicin, D-melizitose and hippurate
The efficacy of methenamine hippurate
has been demonstrated in some studies but not in others.