Hiram Stevens Maxim

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Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim
Birthday
BirthplaceSangerville, Maine, USA
Died
Occupation
Inventor

Maxim, Hiram Stevens

 

Born Feb. 5, 1840, in Sangerville, Me.; died Nov. 24, 1916, in Streatham, Great Britain. American designer and entrepreneur.

Maxim completed his elementary education and then worked as a master toolmaker at plants in Pittsburgh, Boston, and New York. In 1883 he developed his first automatic weapons: an automatic rifle, an automatic cannon, and a medium machine gun. In 1888, Maxim and T. Nordenfeldt, an English manufacturer, established a rapid-fire cannon plant in Germany. Maxim’s medium machine gun worked on the recoil principle; after refinements it was adopted by numerous armies and was in use up to World War II.

REFERENCE

Markevich, V. E. Ruchnoe ognestrel’noe oruzhie, vol. 1. Leningrad, 1937.
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The model used to be owned by Sir Hiram Maxim, inventor of the first portable, fully automatic machine gun.
Caption: Percy Maxim, the son of Hiram Maxim, firing a Model 1909 Machine Rifle equipped with a silencer of his own design.
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One important example of fully-automatic weapon is the machine gun, of which Hiram Maxim's design is among the most important.
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Invented by another American, Hiram Maxim in London, this was capable of firing 10 rounds a second.
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