Barn Swallow

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Related to Hirundo rustica: Tyrannus tyrannus, Hirundinidae, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Barn Swallow

 

(Hirundo rustica), a bird of the order Pas-seriformes. The upper part of the body and a stripe on the breast are black with a blue sheen, the head and throat are reddish chestnut, and the abdomen is white or rust colored. The body measures 18-23 cm long. The tail feathers are in the form of thin, narrow sickles. The barn swallow is distributed in Europe, North Africa, Asia, and North America. In the USSR it is found everywhere south of the forest tundra. A migratory bird, it nests in structures near human habitation. The nest is cup-shaped and made of clumps of dirt mixed with saliva; it is fastened beneath eaves. There are two clutches per summer. The barn swallow is beneficial by destroying flies and other flying insects.

REFERENCE

Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 6. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A.Gladkov. Moscow, 1954.
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Sexual selection on multiple ornaments in the Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica gutturalis.
Based on data derived from studies of animal behaviour (and Hirundo rustica features prominently), the authors contend that complicated strategies of mate selection, pair-bonding, mate guarding, and, in particular, extra-couple sexual affairs were being enacted.
30 days (SE) Geothlypis trichas (j) Median 24 days Geothlypis trichas (j) Range 0-3 days Hirundo rustica (k) 1-4 days Limnodromus scolopaceus (l) 20.
Buchanan 1958) and occasionally barn swallows, Hirundo rustica (cf.
Hematocrit is weakly related to condition in nestling Barn Swallows Hirundo rustica.