Christian Church

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Christian Church (Disciples of Christ),

sometimes called Campbellites, a Protestant religious body founded early in the 19th cent. in the United States. Its primary thesis is that the Bible alone should form the basis for faith and conduct, each individual interpreting the Bible for himself or herself. Thomas CampbellCampbell, Thomas,
1763–1854, American clergyman, a founder of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). See Campbell, Alexander, his more famous son.
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, preaching in W Pennsylvania, was censured by his presbytery for trying to gather into the church scattered groups of Christians. He made a plea for unity among all Christians with no other platform than the primitive and simple gospel. In 1809 he formed the Christian Association of Washington, Pa., but neither he nor his son Alexander CampbellCampbell, Alexander,
1788–1866, clergyman, cofounder with his father, Thomas Campbell, 1763–1854, of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Of Scottish lineage, both were born in Ireland and educated at the Univ. of Glasgow.
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, who joined him in the work, desired that a new denomination should be established. An independent church was built (1811) at Brush Run, Pa., with Alexander as the minister. The movement expanded rapidly. Another minister, Barton Warren Stone, had also broken away from the Presbyterian Church and formed a church whose members were known as "Christians." Similar separatist groups seceded, under the leadership of James O'Kelley, from the Methodist Church in North Carolina and, under Abner Jones and Elias Smith, from some of the Baptist churches in New England. Both Stone and Alexander Campbell had adopted immersion, and this brought them for a time into sympathetic relations with the Baptists. In 1832 practically all of Stone's group and many from the other two branches united with the "Disciples" led by Campbell. The remainder of the "Christians," who were subsequently organized as the Christian Church, merged (1931) with the Congregational Church (see CongregationalismCongregationalism,
type of Protestant church organization in which each congregation, or local church, has free control of its own affairs. The underlying principle is that each local congregation has as its head Jesus alone and that the relations of the various congregations
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). The merged "Disciples" and "Christians" developed strongly and rapidly after the Civil War, particularly in the central and western states, and missionary labors have extended the church throughout the world. A separation into two churches took place in 1906 because of a dispute over the use of instrumental music at the church service; the progressive group, which allowed it, became known as the Disciples of Christ, while the conservatives, who dissented, were organized as Churches of ChristChurches of Christ,
conservative body of evangelical Protestants in the United States. Its founders were originally members of what is now the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) who gradually withdrew from that body following the Civil War.
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. In 1968 the Disciples of Christ reorganized as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Membership in the church is c.850,000 worldwide (1999).


See W. E. Garrison and A. T. DeGroot, The Disciples of Christ, a History (rev. ed. 1958, repr. 1964); L. Cochran, Captives of the Word (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
For, indeed, his faith penetrated every aspect of his life, from his fidelity to his wife and children to the shedding of his blood out of devotion for Christ and His Church.
He recounts an especially bad recent experience with a visiting preacher at his church who went on and on "in a scolding tone, beyond 30 minutes" during Mass.
He says most of the 1,900 members of his church appear to be behind him.
The bigger problem, for his church and for all other congregations facing similar persecution, is intolerance.
It is Cardinal Lubachivsky who is convoking his Church to celebrate the restoration of communion with the Holy See in the forthcoming 400th anniversary of the Act of Union of Brest-Litovsk, and the 350th anniversary of the Union of Uzhorod.
The reasons offered for his judgment included both the witness of sacred scriptures that Christ chose only males to be his apostles and the foundation of his church, as well as the long-standing practice and teaching of the church in this matter.
From this example, the argument goes, we know with certitude the intent of Christ to make these twelve males the foundation of his church and to forever exclude women from ordination.
At one time he offered the rights to the process of manufacturing dry cereals to his church, but the offer was rejected; this decision cost the church a large fortune.
Spurgeon sought to organize his church, London's Metropolitan Baptist Tabernacle, on these principles.
Recognizing the success of the fundamentalist and charismatic churches like the Church on the Way, Dudley Rutherford, senior pastor at the mainline Shepherd of the Hills/HillcrMest, said his church now offers 75 different ministries.
His next project is an e-mail directory of his church membership.