Keith Chandler, Ribbons, Bells and Squeaking Fiddles: The Social History of Morris Dancing in the English South Midlands, 1660-1900 (London: Hisarlik
Press, 1993), pp.
The world has known since Heinrich Schliemann's excavations in the late 1860s that Troy is likely to be identified with the uncovered citadel near Hisarlik
, Anatolia, north of Lebanon just as Minas Tirith is north of Lebennin.
When Sophia Schliemann was photographed wearing the 'Jewels of Helen', the result of her husband Heinrich Schliemann's spectacular excavations in Hisarlik
, the site of ancient Troy, in 1873, she was fulfilling a dream shared by many through the centuries (Fig.
Nearly a hundred years after the birth of Byron, a self-made wealthy businessman, Heinrich Schliemann, astonished the world when he uncovered the remains of a Bronze Age citadel, presumed to be Troy, in a mound known as Hisarlik
in northwestern Turkey.
In comparing the Hebrew epic traditions to those of Archaic and Classical Greece (the Homeric traditions), it is simply fascinating to chart the very similar debates about (1) the archaeology of Greece, the Troad, and the rest of Anatolia, (2) the Hittite epigraphic evidence very possibly equating Hittite Wilusa (Greek Ilios) with the mound of Hisarlik
, and (3) shared methodological problems (erosion on sites that preclude clear answers about the history of the sites such as Late Bronze Age Hisarlik
and Tel Es-Sultan/Jericho, for example).
In 1870, aged 48, he arrived at Hisarlik
Hill, near Truva, with his 17-year-old Greek wife, Sophia - and a copy of The Iliad.
The ancient city of Troy lay at the entrance to the Dardanelles on a commanding hilltop now known as Hisarlik
Corrsin, Sword Dancing in Europe: A History (London: Hisarlik
Press, 1997), 71, the first reference to a Spanish danza de espadas (sword dance) comes from Ourense in 1451, but there is no reason to believe that this was a danza de moros y cristianos.
By comparison, the largest copper production facility previously unearthed (in Hisarlik
, Turkey) yielded fewer than 70 molds.
1993), Kestel (and Goltepe) (Yener 2000), Norsuntepe (level VIII --Muller-Karpe 1994), Tepecik, Cudeyde (Goldman 1956), Gozlu Kule/Tarsus (Goldman 1956), Degirmentepe (Esin 1988), Hisarlik
(Level II, Troy--Schliemann 1881).
For further exposition, see Keith Chandler 'Ribbons, Bells and Squeaking Fiddles': The Social/History of Morris Dancing in the English South Midlands, 1660-1900 (Enfield Lock: Hisarlik
Press for the Folklore Society, 1993), pp.
The site of Hisarlik
was purchased during the Crimean War, though it was not until September 1863 that Calvert started to excavate there, perhaps at the site of John Brunton's earlier exploration.