Seville

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Seville

(səvĭl`, sĕ`–), Span. Sevilla, city (1990 pop. 678,218), capital of Seville prov. and leading city of Andalusia, SW Spain, on the Guadalquivir River. Connected with the Atlantic by the river and by a canal accessible to oceangoing vessels, Seville is a major port as well as an important industrial, cultural, and tourist center. Wines, fruit, olives, cork, and minerals are exported. Its industries include the manufacture of tobacco, armaments, explosives, perfume, porcelain, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, textiles, and machinery. It has a university (founded 1502).

Points of Interest

Seville has kept much of its Moorish aspect. The Gothic cathedral (1401–1519), one of the world's largest, occupies the site of a former mosque, of which two parts remain—the Court of Oranges and the beautiful GiraldaGiralda
, the famous tower adjoining the Cathedral of Seville, Spain. It was built (1163–84) to serve as minaret to the main mosque of Seville, on the site of which the cathedral now stands.
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 tower. The interior of the cathedral is extraordinarily rich and contains invaluable works of art and the tomb of Christopher Columbus. Adjoining the cathedral is the alcazar, built (14th cent.) in Moorish style by Moorish artisans on the order of Peter I (Peter the Cruel) and rivaling the Alhambra in its exquisite decorations and splendid halls. Among the many other notable buildings of Seville are the city hall (16th cent.); the former lonja, or exchange, which contains the archives of Spanish America; the university buildings, which were formerly a large tobacco factory (scene of part of the action of Mérimée's and Bizet's Carmen); and numerous churches and private palaces. Seville is the capital of bullfighting in Spain and a center of the Andalusian Romani (Gypsies), famed for their songs and dances.

History

The ancient Hispalis, Seville was important in Phoenician times. It was favored by the Romans, who made it a judicial center of Baetica prov. and who built the nearby city of Italica (where the emperors Trajan and Hadrian were born), of which some ruins remain. Seville continued as the chief city of S Spain under the Vandals and the Visigoths. In the 6th cent. Seville was a center of learning. Falling to the Moors in 712, it was (c.1023–1091) the seat of an independent emirate under the AbbadidsAbbadids
, Arab dynasty in Spain that ruled Seville from 1023 to 1091. Taking advantage of the disintegration of the caliphate of Córdoba, the cadi [judge-governor] of Seville seized power and became (1023) king of the newly founded state as Abbad I.
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 and a flourishing commercial and cultural center under the Almoravids and the Almohads. In 1248, Ferdinand III of Castile conquered it after a long siege and made it his residence. It is said that 300,000 Moors, the majority of its population, left Seville at that time. With the discovery of the New World, Seville entered its greatest period of prosperity. It was the chief port of trade with the new colonies. In addition to its economic prosperity, it was the seat of a flourishing school of painting to which Velázquez, Murillo (both natives), and Pacheco belonged. In 1718, Seville was superseded as a port by Cádiz. Its economic recovery from the subsequent decline is only recent. In 1810 the French sacked the city. Seville was held by the Nationalists throughout the civil war (1936–39). The 1992 World Exposition was held at Seville.

Seville

a port in SW Spain, on the Guadalquivir River: chief town of S Spain under the Vandals and Visigoths (5th--8th centuries); centre of Spanish colonial trade (16th--17th centuries); tourist centre. Pop.: 709 975 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
entre otros lugares, en Italica e Ilipa y con seguridad en Hispalis, en concreto en el complejo alfarero del Hospital de las Cinco Llagas-Parlamento de Andalucia (47).
Tambien Hispalis, el gran puerto de la region, es protagonista de esta red de caminos: de ella parten los caminos que unen el bajo Guadalquivir con diversos puntos del cuadrante suroccidental (Hispalis-Emerita y Hispalis-Pax Iulia), la costa mediterranea (Hispalis-Malaca, parcialmente sobre la Astigi-Malaca) y el extremo mas meridional (Hispalis-Baessipo) (Padilla, 1989).
En medio de esta desolacion "clama Max Estrella y expone, dialogando con Don Latino de Hispalis, como representar el sentido tragico de esa Espana (escena XII en especial)" (81).
El texto que quizas combine mejor las alusiones a la madera y la industria naval es III,2,3, donde, en el entorno de las orillas del Betis, se retrata con gran claridad el panorama naval del momento, a la vez que se hace un breve repaso a la tradicion anterior: barcos de gran calado hasta Hispalis, de menor tamano hasta Ilipa, y tipo [TEXTO IRREPRODUCIBLE EN ASCII], hecho con piezas ensambladas hoy dia, pero [TEXTO IRREPRODUCIBLE EN ASCII] antiguamente.
Around the beginning of the fourth century, statues or other monuments were dedicated to the western emperor Constantius I by the cities of Hispalis (Sevilla) and Singilia Barba (Antequera) in Baetica, and Aeminium (Coimbra) and possibly Eburobrittium (Obidos) in Lusitania (34).
If it is true, as Pedro Salinas, argues, that the Comedias usher in Valle's Esperpento proper, it is also true that the Esperpento and classical or ancient Tragedy must be mutually exclusive as ValleInclan himself suggests through his characters in Luces de bohemia: "Max: Don Latino de Hispalis .
c) Tratamiento del elenco interpretativo como un coro de personajes inmersos en una tonalidad entre ocre y sepia, con minimos perfiles caracterizados, a excepcion de Max Estrella (Ramon Barea) y Latino de Hispalis (Cesareo Estebanez).
No obstante, en su relato Isidoro de Sevilla alude al reparto de los territorios entre los distintos grupos, para indicar que mas tarde los vandalos abandonaron la actividad de asedio que mantenian a los suevos en Gallaecia, para saquear las islas Baleares, arrasar despues Carthagine Spartaria, trasladarse a la Betica donde tomaron Hispalis (72).
El enemigo necesario: don Latino de Hispalis, el gracioso de Luces de Bohemia de Ramon Valle-Inclan".
Une fois qu'elles arrivaient a Hispalis, elles etaient transferees sur les grands navires de transport maritime pour la deuxieme etape (43).
Un lugar privilegiado debe reservarse a las figuras de don Latino de Hispalis y Max Estrella, pareja ya mitica--como tantas otras en la historia del teatro, el cine y la literatura en general--.
Recuerdo que en esa misma zona tambien se encontraban las ciudades de Bearn y Bigorre, parte de la dote de Galesuintha, de la que Brunehilda se consideraba heredera, por lo que Bladastis podia estar intentando evitar tambien que las rentas de esa zona llegaran a Hispalis para ayudar al rebelde.