Hispaniola


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Hispaniola

(hĭs'pănyō`lə), Span. Española (ĕspänyō`lä), second largest island of the West Indies, 29,530 sq mi (76,483 sq km), between Cuba and Puerto Rico. HaitiHaiti
, Fr. Haïti , officially Republic of Haiti, republic (2005 est. pop. 8,122,000), 10,700 sq mi (27,713 sq km), West Indies, on the western third of the island of Hispaniola.
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 occupies the western third of the island and the Dominican RepublicDominican Republic
, republic (2005 est. pop. 8,950,000), 18,700 sq mi (48,442 sq km), West Indies, on the eastern two thirds of the island of Hispaniola. The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo.
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 the remainder. Visited by Columbus in 1492, the island was called Española. The later French colony was called Saint-Domingue, after Santo Domingo, the Spanish colony in the eastern part of the island. The terrain, dominated by the Cordillera Central, is high and rugged; Pico Duarte (10,417 ft/3,175 m high) is the tallest peak. Extending far westward, like the claws of a crab, two mountain ranges form the scenic Gulf of Gonâve. The island's climate is subtropical, and agriculture (coffee, cocoa, sugarcane, and tobacco) flourishes in the abundant rainfall. In some areas of the island (in Haiti especially), increased population has caused significant deforestation for cultivation. Port-au-Prince, Haiti, and Santo Domingo, the Dominican Republic, are the largest cities.

Hispaniola

the second largest island in the Caribbean, in the Greater Antilles: divided politically into Haiti and the Dominican Republic; discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus, who named it La Isla Española. Area: 18 703 sq. km (29 418 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Caribbean: Cuba, Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), the Bahamas (Eleuthera Island).
Prospects for malaria elimination in Mesoamerica and Hispaniola.
Speaking of the Taino people on Hispaniola, Morison wrote in 1942: "The fate of this gentle and almost defenseless people offers a terrible example to Americans who fancy they will be allowed to live in peace by people overseas who covet what they have.
Though undoubtedly the Trujillo dictatorship constituted a significant moment in the conceptualization of the Dominican-Haiti border through violence and fear, a deeper understanding of the relationship between the nations and the people that inhabit Hispaniola necessitates that we acknowledge the complexity of the island and its borders beyond the history of violence, militarization, and conflict that has dominated US intellectual discourse about the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
Melo, a fourth generation master blender and President of Hispaniola Cigars, decided the time was right to release Turei.
We are convinced that governments and international organizations together can support efforts to achieve sustainable 'water and sanitation for all' on the island of Hispaniola and that a multi-sectoral approach will avoid isolated activities and resource duplication," the declaration states.
Hispaniola is the island shared by the Dominican Republic and Haiti, the latter of which is highly prone to flooding due to deforestation and mountainous terrain.
We summarize characteristics of confirmed US cases associated with the Hispaniola epidemic that were reported to the CDC Cholera and Other Vibrio Illness Surveillance System, a national database of all laboratory-confirmed cholera and vibriosis cases.
This fragment then migrated eastwards across the upper mantle to its current position in Hispaniola.
The Dominican Republic, with 10 million people, shares the mountainous Caribbean island of Hispaniola with Haiti to the west, home to another 10 million people.
The settlement at Higuey, on the Yuma River near the east coast, turned up some of the first evidence about pre-Columbian housing on the island of Hispaniola.
Besides help from Canadian and European NGOs, the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, through the MacArthur Foundation-funded project "Training and Monitoring for Biodiversity Conservation in Cuba and Hispaniola," has also contributed to key aspects of setting up this first Cuban bird-banding center.