Hispaniola


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Hispaniola

(hĭs'pănyō`lə), Span. Española (ĕspänyō`lä), second largest island of the West Indies, 29,530 sq mi (76,483 sq km), between Cuba and Puerto Rico. HaitiHaiti
, Fr. Haïti , officially Republic of Haiti, republic (2015 est. pop. 10,711,000), 10,700 sq mi (27,713 sq km), West Indies, on the western third of the island of Hispaniola.
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 occupies the western third of the island and the Dominican RepublicDominican Republic
, republic (2015 est. pop. 10,528,000), 18,700 sq mi (48,442 sq km), West Indies, on the eastern two thirds of the island of Hispaniola. The capital and largest city is Santo Domingo.
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 the remainder. Visited by Columbus in 1492, the island was called Española. The later French colony was called Saint-Domingue, after Santo Domingo, the Spanish colony in the eastern part of the island. The terrain, dominated by the Cordillera Central, is high and rugged; Pico Duarte (10,417 ft/3,175 m high) is the tallest peak. Extending far westward, like the claws of a crab, two mountain ranges form the scenic Gulf of Gonâve. The island's climate is subtropical, and agriculture (coffee, cocoa, sugarcane, and tobacco) flourishes in the abundant rainfall. In some areas of the island (in Haiti especially), increased population has caused significant deforestation for cultivation. Port-au-Prince, Haiti, and Santo Domingo, the Dominican Republic, are the largest cities.
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Hispaniola

the second largest island in the Caribbean, in the Greater Antilles: divided politically into Haiti and the Dominican Republic; discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus, who named it La Isla Española. Area: 18 703 sq. km (29 418 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Outbreak of poliomyelitis in Hispaniola associated with circulating type I vaccine-derived poliovirus.
'It chose a different path that took it between the channel between Puerto Rico and Hispaniola and it strengthened there as it moved on towards the Bahamas.
Rathbun also said that if the storm is able to keep up momentum coming out of Hispaniola, it could hit southern Florida by the end of the week.
Their topics include treating trifles: the Indigenous adoption of European material goods in early colonial Hispaniola 1492-1550, breaking and making identities: transformations of ceramic repertoires in early colonial Hispaniola, Santa Maria de la Antigua del Darien: the aftermath of colonial settlement, hybrid cultures: the visibility of the European invasion of Caribbean Honduras in the 16th century, and beyond the falls: the Amerindian stance towards new encounters along the Wild Coast 1595-1627.
The Haitian portion of the island of Hispaniola (shared with the Dominican Republic) had 4.4 per cent forest cover in 1988, a figure that had shrunk to 0.32 per cent by 2016.
The indigenous inhabitants of Hispaniola, the Tainos, originally numbering 1 million on the island according to Spanish census of 1496, initiated a legacy of resistance in defense of their autonomy against the Spanish that attracted the participation of enslaved African collaborators upon their arrival during the first decades of the sixteenth century (Roorda, Eric, Lauren Hutchinson 2).
The history of Hispaniola is one marred by slavery, colonization, Euro-American competing interests, wars, and rebellions.
<B The eye of Hurricane Irma just north of the island of Hispaniola
Fleeing threats of deportation and violence in the Dominican Republic, some 3,000 Haitian-Dominican refugees have been abandoned to their fate, like so much human refuse, in squalid conditions and legal limbo in the southwest of Hispaniola's borderland.
Homes, schools and farms across southwestern Haiti all bear the scars of Matthew, which piled fresh misery onto the nation of more than 10 million on the western half of the island of Hispaniola still recovering from a major earthquake in 2010.
Four people died in the Dominican Republic, which shares the island of Hispaniola. karen.rockett@trinitymirror.com
Two new species of Caribbean conocephaline katydids (Agraeciini) are described for the previously monotypic genus Erechthis: one from the island of Eleuthera in the Bahamas, one from Hispaniola. The first-named species Erechthis gundlachi occurs on both Cuba and Hispaniola.