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see HisarHisar
or Hissar
, city (1991 pop. 181,225), Haryana state, NW India, on the West Yamuna Canal. It is a district administrative center in a well-irrigated area and is a market for cotton, grain, and oilseed.
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, India.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the habitation of settled farmers and herdsmen who lived near Damghan in northeastern Iran during the Aeneolithic period and the Bronze Age. The oldest levels date from the second half of the fourth millennium B.C. and are characterized by modeled ceramics with geometric decorations (Hissar I-A). The inhabitants lived in adobe brick dwellings. The settlement had a burial ground. Earthenware made on a potter’s wheel, and paintings depicting goats, leopards, and birds were found in subsequent levels (Hissar I-B and II-A); metallurgy was well-developed. The culture of this period exhibits ties with the cultures of central Iran (Sialk III) and southern Turkmenia (Namazga Tepe III). Gray ceramics, gradually displacing the painted pottery, appear in the first half of the third millennium B.C. (Hissar II-B). The Hissar culture reached its golden age between the second half of the third millennium B.C.. and the early part of the second millennium B.C.. (Hissar III; similar to Namazga Tepe V and VI and more distantly resembling the Maikop culture). Burial sites with rich inventories have been found. An isolated dwelling, apparently belonging to a wealthy patriarchal family, was excavated; this evidence points to the decay of the primitive communal system.


Masson, V. M. Sredniaia Aziia i Drevnii Vostok. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Schmidt, E. F. Excavations at Tepe Hissar. Philadelphia, 1937.
McCown, D. E. The Comparative Stratigraphy of Early Iran. Chicago [1941].


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- Prime Minister Imran Khan has said that Bala Hissar Fort should be converted into a centre for tourist activities.
The Prime Minister said that Bala Hissar Fort should be converted into a center of tourist activities.
"On August 25, 2017, a verdict is due in the court case of the head of the Dera Sacha Sauda spiritual organisation; high alerts and a ban on unauthorised gatherings are in place in Chandigarh until August 25, and in Panchkula, Fatehabad, Sirsa and Hissar (Haryana) and Zirakpur (Punjab) until August 30, due to the possibility of violence in these areas following the verdict," said the advisory.
At present, LUKoil's operating priority in Uzbekistan is the implementation of the three projects - Kandym-Hauzak-Shady-Kungrad, the exploration and development of the South-Western Hissar group of fields, and exploration of the Uzbek sector of the Aral Sea as part of the consortium.
Photo feature by Taha Ouda ISTANBUL, May 17 (KUNA) -- Hardly can a visitor of Istanbul miss the impressive Roumeli Hissar Castle, admiring greatness and unique beauty of such historical site.
The main impact of the agitation could be seen in districts like Rohtak, Jhajjar, Bhiwani, Hissar, Fatehabad, Karnal, Jind, Yamuna Nagar, Sirsa and Gurgaon where road transport has come to a halt.
The protesters who had gathered at the Rohtak bye-pass road of Delhi Hissar National Highway turned violent and allegedly attacked police vehicles which were parked there in which window panes were damaged, officials said.
In addition, LUKOIL Uzbekistan implements the Southwest Hissar project.
On November 8, Poltavchenko will pay visit to Hissar district, where he will observe the Hissar fortress, vineyards and orchards of local farms, state unitary enterprise Tajik Aluminum Company (TALCO) in Tursunzade city (60 km west of Dushanbe).
21 -- Blue Dart, South Asia's premier express air and integrated transportation, distribution and logistics Company and part of the DHL Group today announced the launch of cash counter at its Service Center in Hissar, Haryana.
8 -- Anna Hazare on Friday launched his campaign against the Congress in the Hissar Lok Saba by-election 9in Haryana by asking people not to vote for the party because it has failed to bring the Jan Lokpal Bill.