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Uppsala(ŭp`sələ, –sä'lä), city (1990 pop. 109,500), capital of Uppsala co., E Sweden, on the Fyrisån River. It is an industrial and cultural center and a railroad junction. Manufactures include machinery, printed materials, processed food, clothing, pharmaceuticals, and footwear. There is also a large biotechnology industry. The city developed near Gamla Uppsala, now a small village, which became the pagan capital of Sweden in the 6th cent. An archiepiscopal see was established at present-day Uppsala in 1270, and the cathedral of Uppsala (13th cent.), the finest Gothic church in Sweden, became the usual coronation place of Swedish kings and is the burial place of Gustavus IGustavus I
, 1496–1560, king of Sweden (1523–60), founder of the modern Swedish state and the Vasa dynasty. Known as Gustavus Eriksson before his coronation, he was the son of Erik Johansson, a Swedish senator and follower of the Sture family.
..... Click the link for more information. , the botanist LinnaeusLinnaeus, Carolus
, 1707–78, Swedish botanist and taxonomist, considered the founder of the binomial system of nomenclature and the originator of modern scientific classification of plants and animals. He studied botany and medicine and taught both at Uppsala.
..... Click the link for more information. , the scientist and religious teacher SwedenborgSwedenborg, Emanuel
, 1688–1772, Swedish scientist, religious teacher, and mystic. His religious system, sometimes called Swedenborgianism, is largely incorporated in the Church of the New Jerusalem, founded some years after his death.
..... Click the link for more information. , and UN Secretary-general Dag HammarskjöldHammarskjöld, Dag
, 1905–61, Swedish statesman, secretary-general of the United Nations (1953–61). He attended the universities of Uppsala and Stockholm (Ph.D., 1934).
..... Click the link for more information. . The Univ. of UppsalaUppsala, University of,
at Uppsala, Sweden; founded 1477 by Sten Sture, the Elder, and Archbishop Jakob Ulvsson. Its activities were suspended in 1510 as a result of religious disputes. It was reorganized in 1595.
..... Click the link for more information. , founded in 1477, is the oldest university of N Europe. Other institutions in Uppsala include the Royal Society of Sciences, the Gustav Werners institute of high-energy physics and radiation biology, the Victoria Museum, the Linnaeus garden and museum, and a modern cultural center and concert hall.
a city in Sweden. Capital of the län (county) of Uppsala. Population, 136,000 (1974). Uppsala is an important industrial and cultural center. Its industries include machine building, printing, ceramics, and food processing. The University of Uppsala, founded in 1477, is the oldest university in Sweden. Uppsala also has a museum devoted to C. Linnaeus, who lived and is buried in the city.
Originally called Östra Aros, Uppsala existed as a settlement as early as the 12th century. In 1273 it became the residence of the archbishop. The city has been known as Uppsala since 1280. Until 1719 the most important state assemblies were held at Uppsala, and the Swedish kings were crowned in the city. From the 14th to the 18th century, the city was a center for domestic trade and the site of national trade fairs. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, Uppsala was a stronghold of Sweden’s conservatives.
Uppsala has preserved some of its medieval layout. The city’s architectural landmarks include the largest Gothic cathedral in Scandinavia (1260–1435), the Romanesque church called the Bondkyrka (12th century), a castle (begun in 1540, architect F. Parr), the baroque Gustavianum (1620; until the 19th century the central building of the university, now a museum), and buildings in the Empire style, such as the university library (1819–26) architect C. F. Sundvall).
To the north of Uppsala lies the old town, Gamla Uppsala, which was a center of pagan worship during the first millennium A.D. At Gamla Uppsala there survive numerous barrows, as well as portions of Sweden’s most ancient cathedral (c. 1100), which were incorporated into a church built in the 13th century. Near Gamla Uppsala is an open-air museum caled the Disågarden, which is devoted to architecture.