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kibbutz (redirected from History of the kibbutz movement)
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kibbutz: see collective farmcollective farm,
an agricultural production unit including a number of farm households or villages working together under state control. The description of the collective farm has varied with time and place.
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kibbutz (pl. kibbutzim) small socialistic agricultural communities (of between 50 and 1000 or more members) established in modern Israel, with the aim, among other things, of producing an alternative to the conventional FAMILY. The objective has been to achieve social equality between men and women by making both child-rearing and work a collective responsibility (although links between children and their biological parents remain strong). Assessments of kibbutzim (see Bettleheim, 1969) suggest that they have been more successful in child-rearing than in achieving an overall equalization in the DIVISION OF LABOUR and relations between the sexes.