Histrion


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Histrion

 

(1) An actor in ancient Rome. For the most part histrions were freedmen. (Only the particularly famous ones were respected.) They formed a troupe headed by an actor who had once been only a troupe member. Originally, they performed without masks, which were introduced in the first century B.C..

(2) A wandering folk actor in the early Middle Ages (ninth-nth centuries). A histrion was simultaneously a storyteller, musician, dancer, singer, and animal trainer. Histrions united into special guilds, from which subsequently circles of amateur actors were sometimes formed. In France histrions were known as jongleurs, in Germany, Spielmänner, in Poland, franty, and in Russia, skomorokhi. They were persecuted by secular and church authorities.

REFERENCE

Istoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 1. Edited by S. S. Mokul’skii. Moscow, 1956.
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The First Histrion, in the voice of Pasquino in the Prologue of the 1525 Cortigiana, implicitly establishes that there can be no order, no weight and no conclusion to the "ciancia," that humanist and ecclesiastic pretentions to virtue and exemplarity are nonsense, and that Babel has replaced language.
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Esta lectura al pie de la letra es la que ha hecho que buena parte de la critica le tildara, primero, de histrion intelectual, y, tras la colacion con otros escritos, brotara el epiteto de contradictorio.
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Dada su enemistad con Diaz de Mendoza desde el estreno de Voces de gesta en 1912, este comentario indigno sobremanera al escritor gallego, quien respondio al que ahora acusaba de "lisonjear a un histrion" (Hormigon 184) con una carta abierta publicada en La Tribuna al dia siguiente (vid.