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A fault of strata common in coal measures, accompanied by displacement.
A minor dislocation of a vein or stratum not exceeding in extent the thickness of the vein or stratum.
(mining engineering)
A step cut in the rock face to hold timber support in an underground working.
A hole cut in side rock solid enough to hold the cap of a set of timbers, permitting the leg to be dispensed with.



in agriculture, a device for attaching several machines to a tractor in order to use the pulling force of the tractor efficiently and to increase the productivity of the unit. Hitches may be general-purpose, special-purpose, trailer, semimounted, or mounted.

General-purpose trailer hitches are used to connect tractors with trailed machines. They consist of two or three beams equipped with extension arms and support wheels and hinged to follow the terrain irregularities better. The machines and extension arms are attached to the beams with clamps that can be moved to ensure correct positioning of the machines or equipment in the unit. The hitch has a tongue for attachment to the tractor. Special-purpose hitches do not usually have wheels; they are composed of links that join the machines to each other, as in plowing combines.

Semimounted hitches are used to attach a tractor to a unit of three mounted machines, each with a working width of 1.8–2.8 m. One machine is fitted to the mounting system of the tractor, and the two others are attached to side mountings on the hitch, similar to the tractor’s own mounting system. Each mounting on the hitch is equipped with a hydraulic cylinder that is operated by the tractor’s hydraulic system; it is used only for lifting the mounted machine. The machine is lowered by its own weight. The proper spacing of machines with different working widths can be achieved by moving the carriage of the hitch’s mounting mechanism along the beam.

A general-purpose hitch can be used to mount harrow units on tractors of small and medium capacity. The harrow units are attached to the post and brackets of the mounting by means of a hinged brace, two long chains, and one short chain. In order to mount harrow units of different working widths, the brackets of the mounting are moved along the beam. One hitch beam can carry three toothed harrow units or two latticed harrow units. A hitch beam may be extended by inserting two tubes in openings in both sides of the beam. The tubes are smaller in diameter than the beam and are welded to brackets for mounting one toothed harrow unit each, for a total of five harrow units.


References in periodicals archive ?
Suffice it to say that "it was by the guitar that he [Harris] had known at once that they were not mere hitch-hikers.
Detectives believe she was a regular hitch-hiker, possibly from the North of England.
There's the middle-aged woman caught in an abusive sexual relationship, the overworked security systems salesman, the outspoken learning-disabled hitch-hiker.
As her 29-year-old husband writhed with the un- welcome hitch-hiker, she managed to pull the car over.
SLAVE Three faces of hitch-hiker Colleen Stan who was locked in a box under a bed for seven years; CAPTOR Cameron Hooker stood trial
WHEN Heather Martin paid a visit to her friend in Merseyside, she never suspected she had a hitch-hiker under her bonnet.
Housel's lawyers claim he was psychotic because of childhood brain damage and a rare blood sugar deficiency when he strangled hitch-hiker Jeanne Drew.
Three white men with suspected ties to the Ku Klux Klan chained a black hitch-hiker to the back of a pick-up truck and dragged him to his death.
John, who works for Avonbridge-based haulage firm Stevenson Brothers, said: "It's the most unusual hitch-hiker I have ever come across.
Eroline O'Keefe wrote Fatal Journey - The Murder Of Trevor O'Keefe after the hitch-hiker was murdered by Pierre Chanal in 1987.
ROBBERS punched a hitch-hiker unconscious, set fire to his clothes and stole his briefcase.