Ayam nijaH paro veti gaNanaa laghuchetasaam udaaracharitam tu vasudhaiva kutumbakam" (This is my own and that is a stranger -- that is the calculation of the narrow-minded; for the magnanimous hearts, however, the entire earth is but a family -- Hitopadesa
, chapter 3, p.
It is essential, likewise, to establish how other fable-narrative traditions down the ages like those evolving with the Pancatantra and its recension the Hitopadesa
contribute yet another important link to the history of the Indian narrative tradition, where niti (policy) evolves as the third important strand influencing the thought, content and style of narration.
Satyanarayana dasa, Hitopadesa
(Faridabad, India: Jiva Institute, 1997), 20-21.
In India the Hitopadesa
("Good Advice"), composed by Narayana in the 12th century and circulated mostly in Bengal, appears to be an independent treatment of the Panca-tantra material.
, the Sanskrit Text with a Grammatical Analysis, Alphabetically Arranged.