Hjalmar Bergman


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Bergman, Hjalmar

 

Born Sept. 19, 1883, in Örebro; died Jan. 1, 1931, in Berlin. Swedish writer.

Bergman studied history and philosophy at the University of Uppsala and in Italy. His first published work, the drama Mary, Mother of Jesus, came out in 1905. He wrote the so-called Bergslagen cycle of novels (named for an industrial region of Sweden). The Bergslagen novels include His Grace’s Will (1910), Memoirs of the Deceased (1918), God’s Orchid (1919; Russian translation, 1959), Thy Rod and Thy Staff (1921), The Head of the Firm (1924), and The Kerrmans in Paradise (1927). In these novels realism is combined with fantasy, psychologism, satire, and grotesque humor. Bergman’s novel The Clown Jac (1930) depicts the tragic fate of the artist in the bourgeois world. Bergman is the author of the satiric plays The Swedenhielms (1925), The Dollar (1926), The Rabble (1928), and others.

WORKS

Samlade skrifter, vols. 1–30. Stockholm, 1949–58.
In Russian translation:
Rasskazy. In the collection Shvedskaia Novella XIX-XX vv. Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Levander, H. Hjalmar Bergman. Stockholm, 1957.
Ek. S. Verklighet och vision. Stockholm, 1964.

A. A. MATSEVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
3) Hjalmar Bergman (1883-1931) is arguably the most important playwright in Sweden after Strindberg.
Outside of her well-reasoned discussions of the artist Edfelt per se, Lagerroth provides the reader with a good deal of very interesting insights into the cultural and political context of Edfelt's authorship: his defining relationship with the novelist and playwright Hjalmar Bergman, his membership in the Clarte circles in Lund and Uppsala, his association with Bertil Malmberg, his important contact with Finland-Swedish modernists such as Rabbe Enckell and Elmer Diktonius, his significant work as a translator and introducer of German and English literature (Trakl, Rilke, and Eliot, to name just a few), and his elective affinity with the likes of Vilhelm Ekelund and Gunnar Ekelof.