Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Riiser-Larsen, Hjalmar


Born June 7, 1890, in Oslo. Norwegian polar explorer and military aviator.

In 1926, Riiser-Larsen piloted R. Amundsen’s dirigible Norge, which, traveling across the pole, was the first to traverse the Arctic Ocean. As the head of two antarctic expeditions on the ship Norvegia, Riiser-Larsen, with the aviator F. Lützow-Holm, made an aerial survey of Enderby Land in 1929–30, discovered Prince Olav Coast, and explored Princess Martha Coast. In 1930-31, Riiser-Larsen sailed around Antarctica. During a flight to the south he discovered Princess Ragnhild Coast. A sea, a shelf glacier, and a peninsula in Antarctica are named after Riiser-Larsen.


Treshnikov, A. F. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Antarktidy. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Dwarfed by European giants of polar exploration, notably Roald Amundsen, Umberto Nobile, Bernt Balchen, Hubert Wilkins, and Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen, he was also indirectly overshadowed by Richard Byrd, the other American prominent in polar affairs of the 1920s and 1930s.