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Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). When Father Jean Nicolet encountered them (1634), the Winnebago lived in E Wisconsin, from Green Bay to Lake Winnebago. Except for a war with the Illinois (1671) and one with the Ojibwa (1827), the Winnebago generally were peaceful toward their neighbors, who included the Menominee, the Sac and Fox, and the Ottawa. The Winnebago traded with, and were staunch supporters of, the French. After the fall of French power, however, they allied themselves with the British; they fought against the colonists in the American Revolution and in the War of 1812. The Winnebago clandestinely participated in the Black Hawk WarBlack Hawk War,
conflict between the Sac and Fox and the United States in 1832. After the War of 1812, whites settling the Illinois country exerted pressure on the Native Americans.
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 (1832). After numerous hardships and much loss of population, they were settled on reservations in Nebraska (1860s) and Wisconsin (1880s). Winnebago culture was of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area with some Plains-area traits (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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). Their many ceremonies were elaborate, e.g., the spring buffalo dance and the winter feast; many Winnebago continue to follow their traditional religion. The tribe now operates several gambling casinos in Wisconsin and is among the larger employers in that state. In 1990 there were over 6,500 Winnebago in the United States.


See P. Radin, The Winnebago Tribe (1923, repr. 1970) and The Culture of the Winnebago (1949).


1. Lake. a lake in E Wisconsin, fed and drained by the Fox river: the largest lake in the state. Area: 557 sq. km (215 sq. miles)
2. a member of a North American Indian people living in Wisconsin and Nebraska
3. the language of this people, belonging to the Siouan family
References in periodicals archive ?
My mother discussed how important her father's Ho-Chunk name--Wo-Na-Xi-Lay-Hunka, meaning "War-Chief" and described by him as "the Chief of the Place of Fear" (3)--was to him.
We're walking for people who, like the Ho-Chunk people, were told that if they didn't cooperate with a U.
In cooperation with the Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) and Vernon County Land Conservation Department, Partners Program Biologist Bill Peterson provided technical assistance to the Ho-Chunk Nation for in-stream and wetland floodplain habitat restoration.
Greendeer-Lee, the Ho-Chunk Supreme Court held that the religious freedoms of a nonmember employee of the Ho-Chunk Nation were not violated by tribe personnel policies disallowing paid leave for the employee to attend a Jehovah's Witness religious event.
In doing so, Loew provides interesting insights, such as the Menominee sustainable forest policies led an astronaut, seeing it from space, to describe their forest as a "jewel" (39), the Ho-Chunk basing their reservation land claims on a homestead claim made by one of their members (51-52), the Oneida and Ojibwe providing code talkers for the 32nd (Red Arrow) Infantry Division in the Pacific Theater during World War II (79 and 110), and James Fenimore Cooper's writing about the Mohegans, not the Mohicans in The Last of the Mohicans (114).
I spent a lot of time hanging out on the Ho-Chunk "rez" in Nebraska waiting for the visual storytelling elements to emerge.
His tools were a wholly owned tribal enterprise known as Ho-Chunk, Inc.
Gabler, vice president and community development manager for Wells Fargo; and Lance Morgan (Winnebago), founder of Ho-Chunk, Inc.
provides social services to the area's Ho-Chunk population.
For example, since the first full year of casino operation, the Ho-Chunk tribe of Wisconsin has had an increase in crime in all three of their casinos while the Mashantucket and Pequot tribes in Connecticut, the Oneida tribe in Wisconsin, the Sault Ste.
Out of 1,062 competitive applications, Ho-Chunk was one of 15 finalists and one of five $100,000 winners.