Winnebago

(redirected from Ho-Chunk)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Winnebago,

Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
). When Father Jean Nicolet encountered them (1634), the Winnebago lived in E Wisconsin, from Green Bay to Lake Winnebago. Except for a war with the Illinois (1671) and one with the Ojibwa (1827), the Winnebago generally were peaceful toward their neighbors, who included the Menominee, the Sac and Fox, and the Ottawa. The Winnebago traded with, and were staunch supporters of, the French. After the fall of French power, however, they allied themselves with the British; they fought against the colonists in the American Revolution and in the War of 1812. The Winnebago clandestinely participated in the Black Hawk WarBlack Hawk War,
conflict between the Sac and Fox and the United States in 1832. After the War of 1812, whites settling the Illinois country exerted pressure on the Native Americans.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1832). After numerous hardships and much loss of population, they were settled on reservations in Nebraska (1860s) and Wisconsin (1880s). Winnebago culture was of the Eastern Woodlands cultural area with some Plains-area traits (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Their many ceremonies were elaborate, e.g., the spring buffalo dance and the winter feast; many Winnebago continue to follow their traditional religion. The tribe now operates several gambling casinos in Wisconsin and is among the larger employers in that state. In 1990 there were over 6,500 Winnebago in the United States.

Bibliography

See P. Radin, The Winnebago Tribe (1923, repr. 1970) and The Culture of the Winnebago (1949).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Winnebago

1. Lake. a lake in E Wisconsin, fed and drained by the Fox river: the largest lake in the state. Area: 557 sq. km (215 sq. miles)
2. a member of a North American Indian people living in Wisconsin and Nebraska
3. the language of this people, belonging to the Siouan family
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Harry Corken, the project manager for Hill International who oversaw the construction on behalf of Ho-Chunk Nation, praised the teams and companies involved in the work, including Miron Construction, which was the general contractor at all three sites.
Yet, seeking peace, the Dakota, Sauk and Meskwaki (Sac and Fox), Menominee, Ho-Chunk (Winnebago), and Bahkhoje (Ioway) peoples placed their faith in Taliaferro and agreed to establish what President Martin Van Buren called "a dividing line between their respective countries."
She is a member of Ho-Chunk Nation, a Native American tribe in Wisconsin.
In Kansas, Sharice Davids -- a lesbian lawyer and former mixed martial arts fighter who is a member of the Ho-Chunk Nation -- is running for Congress as a Democrat.
Davids, from the Ho-Chunk Nation, has promised to fight for women, queer people, and the Native American community.
The folk songs come from various cultures: French-Canadian, lumberjacks and farmers, Scots-Gaelic, Serbian, Finnish, Ojibwe, Lithuanian, German, Polish, Ho-Chunk, Oneida, Pan-Indian, Belgian, Cornish, Welsh, African American, Anglo-American, Irish American, Austrian, Swiss, Luxemburger, Dutch, Italian, Croatian, Czech, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, and Icelandic cultures.
Across time, this rugged topography has been home to an astonishing variety of people: Sauk, Dakota, and Ho-Chunk villagers, Norwegian farmers and Mexican mercado owners, Dominican nuns and Buddhist monks, river raftsmen and Shakespearean actors, Cornish miners and African American barn builders, organic entrepreneurs and Hmong truck gardeners.
Those courses now are spread out at all three high schools, Wester Iowa Tech Community College and the Ho-Chunk Centre downtown.
A member of the Ho-Chunk Nation of Wisconsin, Hopinka (three of whose shorts are featured in the 2017 Whitney Biennial, opening this month in New York) has described his work as "ethnopoetic," a term that encompasses several imperatives--among them, the mission to reclaim the ethnographic gaze that has dominated the representation of indigenous cultures and to bring the indirection of poetry to an exploration of Native identity both past and present.
The first inkling that there was going to be community opposition to the show came in the days leading up to the event, when we heard that a number of local groups, such as the Land Stewardship Project, Houston County Protectors, Citizens Against Silica Mining, the Ho-Chunk Nation and Coulee Region Climate Alliance, were organizing to protest the event.