Hoa Binh Culture

Hoa Binh Culture

 

a group of archaeological cultures that flourished at the end of the Upper Paleolithic period and during the Mesolithic period (tenth to third millennia B.C.) in Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, southern China, Malaysia, and Indonesia (mainly on the island of Sumatra). It was identified by M. Colani in the province of Hoa Binh, Vietnam, in 1926. Various cultural remains were found in mountain caves, including tools made of crudely flaked river pebbles (axes, side-scrapers), bone, and shell. Also found were large mounds of the shells of edible shellfish, the bones of wild animals, and the remains of campfires. In addition, excavations revealed traces of incipient primitive agriculture.

REFERENCES

Boriskovskii, P. I. Pervobytnoe proshloe V’etnama. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Gorman Chester, F. “Excavations at Spirit Cave, North Thailand: Some Interim Interpretations.” Asian Perspectives, 1972, vol. 13.