Hoar, Samuel

Hoar, Samuel

(1778–1856) lawyer, U.S. representative, public official; born in Lincoln, Mass. He graduated from Harvard in 1802 and worked for a time as a tutor in Virginia before returning north to practice law. He served eight years in the Massachusetts legislature and a single term in the U.S. House of Representatives (Whig, 1835–37) where he passionately opposed slavery. His appearance in a Charleston, S.C., court to argue on behalf of free blacks in 1844 nearly touched off a riot, and his expulsion from the city provoked outrage in the north. In 1854–55 he helped found the Free Soil Party in Massachusetts.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.