Hoban, James(hō`bən), c.1762–1831, American architect, b. Ireland. By 1789, Hoban had immigrated to the United States. He designed the South Carolina statehouse, which was burned in 1865. In 1792 he moved to Washington, D.C., and won the competition for the design of a mansion for the President (later called the White HouseWhite House,
official name of the executive mansion of the President of the United States. It is on the south side of Pennsylvania Ave., Washington, D.C., facing Lafayette Square. The building, constructed of Virginia freestone, is of simple and stately design.
..... Click the link for more information. ), which he built from 1792 to 1799 and rebuilt after it was burned by the British in 1814. He was one of the supervising architects who served at the Capitol in the execution of Dr. William ThorntonThornton, William,
1759–1828, American architect, b. Tortola, British Virgin Islands, He studied (1781–84) medicine at Edinburgh but received his medical degree (1784) at the Univ. of Aberdeen. In 1787 he emigrated to the United States and became a citizen in 1788.
..... Click the link for more information. 's design, and he worked on public buildings for more than 25 years.
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American architect in Washington, DC; winner of the competition for the White House (1801). He was also the superintendent of construction of the U.S. Capitol (1802) in Washington, DC.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
Hoban, James(c. 1762–1831) architect; born in County Kilkenny, Ireland. Immigrating to America (1785), he designed the state capitol in Columbia, S.C. (1790–91). After a competition to design public buildings in Federal City, the new capital of the U.S.A., he designed the White House (1792–1801) and rebuilt it after the destruction in the War of 1812. He served as supervisor of construction of the U.S. Capitol (1793–1803) and designed the State and War Department offices.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.