Hofer, Andreas(ändrā`äs hō`fər), 1767–1810, Austrian patriot; son of a Tyrolean innkeeper. After its defeat by Napoleon I in 1805 Austria was forced to cede the TyrolTyrol
, Ger. Tirol, region and province (1991 pop. 631,410), 4,882 sq mi (12,644 sq km), W Austria. Innsbruck is the capital. The southern section of the historic region are now in Italy.
..... Click the link for more information. to France's ally Bavaria. In 1809, when Austria renewed war on France, Hofer led the Tyrolean peasants in rebellion against Bavaria and the French. After several military successes he was made governor of the Tyrol by the Austrians. In Oct., 1809, Austria was obliged by the Treaty of Schönbrunn to abandon the Tyrol, but Hofer continued to resist. He was betrayed to the French, court-martialed, and shot at Mantua.
Born Nov. 22, 1767, in St. Leonhard; died Feb. 20, 1810. in Mantua. Tirolean national hero who in 1809 headed a liberation uprising of peasants against French and Bavarian occupation forces.
In 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars, Tirol was taken from Austria by Napoleon and given to France’s ally. Bavaria. In 1809. Hofer, a tavern keeper, headed the uprising, the plan of which was worked out in collaboration with the Austrian government in an attempt to regain Tirol. The rebel victory at Isel Mountain (May 1809) led to the liberation of Tirol from the Bavarians. Hofer continued the struggle even after the Austrian government signed a truce with France (July 1809), which provided for the return of Tirol to Bavaria and, as a result of victories in August, once again liberated Tirol. He became the de facto ruler of Tirol, while remaining loyal to the Austrian authorities. After concluding the Peace of Schönbrunn (October 1809). Napoleon directed a large military force against the Tirolean peasants and crushed their resistance. Hofer fled from Tirol but was betrayed to the French and shot.
REFERENCESPaulin. K. Das Leben Andreas Hofers .... 3rd ed. Innsbruck .
Hochenegg, H. Bibliographie zur Geschichte der Tiroler Freiheilskampfes von 1809. Innsbruck-Vienna, 1960.