Jimmy Hoffa

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Jimmy Hoffa
James Riddle Hoffa
BirthplaceBrazil, Indiana, United States
Labor union leader, author

Hoffa, Jimmy

Hoffa, Jimmy (James Riddle Hoffa) (hôfˈə), 1913–75?, U.S. labor leader, b. Brazil, Indiana. As a young warehouseman he organized (1932) a union that was admitted two years later into the Teamsters Union. Hoffa rose swiftly in the Teamsters, in 1952 becoming international vice president and in 1957 succeeding Dave Beck as president. Evidence of corruption in the union revealed by a Senate investigating committee in 1957 led to the expulsion from the American Federation of Labor–Congress of Industrial Organizations of the Teamsters, which had been the federation's largest affiliate. Moreover, Hoffa was forced to accept a board of monitors to supervise his activities as Teamsters president.

Despite efforts from outside the union to remove him, Hoffa was reelected president by acclamation in 1961. In 1962 a federal grand jury indicted him for accepting illegal payments from a Detroit trucking company; the case ended in a mistrial. Hoffa's power continued to grow, and by 1964 he was able to effect the trucking industry's first national contract. In the same year, however, he was convicted of jury tampering and of fraud in handling the union benefits fund, and was sentenced to a 13-year prison term. After all appeals had been exhausted, Hoffa began (1967) serving his sentence, but he retained the Teamster presidency until 1971, when he resigned. In the same year, President Nixon commuted Hoffa's sentence, with the parole provision that he not engage in union activity until 1980. After his release, Hoffa promoted prison reform. He disappeared in 1975 and is widely assumed to have been murdered.


See his autobiography, The Trials of Jimmy Hoffa (1970); W. Sheridan, The Fall and Rise of Jimmy Hoffa (1972); D. Moldea, The Hoffa Wars (1978); T. Russell, Out of the Jungle: Jimmy Hoffa and the Remaking of the American Working Class (2001).

His son, James Philip Hoffa, 1941–, b. Detroit, is a labor lawyer. He was narrowly defeated when he ran for the Teamster's presidency in 1996 but won the post in a 1998 contest and was reelected in 2001, 2006, 2011, and 2016..
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Hoffa, (James Riddle) Jimmy

(1913–?1975) labor leader; born in Brazil, Ind. He became an organizer for the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) in 1934, rising rapidly through the union's ranks. He was elected IBT president in 1957 and gained notoriety for his aggressive tactics against all who opposed him, both inside and outside the labor movement. Target of a 1957 U.S. Senate investigation into union corruption, he was later convicted of jury tampering, fraud, and conspiracy, and sent to prison in 1967. His sentence was commuted in 1971, and he was rumored to be trying to regain power within the IBT when in 1975 he disappeared. Rumors as to how he died continued to surface but his body was never found.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
We shouldn't be sacrificing the health and safety of drivers just to pad the profits of their big business bosses," Hoffa said.
One day Bufalino handed him the phone and said: "Say hello to Jimmy Hoffa." And that's when Hoffa asked about Frank's house-painting abilities.
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In 1956, Tom Coffey knuckled under Jimmy Hoffa's six-month-long Teamsters strike.
The 73-year-old De Niro, who worked with Scorsese in iconic films like 'Raging Bull' and 'Goodfellas,' will play the role of mob hitman Frank 'The Irishman' Sheeran, while 'The Godfather' and 'Scarface' lead Pacino will resume the role of Hoffa.
It was believed the Mafia was involved in Hoffa's death, but no connection was discovered and his body was never found.
Hoffa won gold at the World Championships in 2007 and also claimed a bronze at the London Olympics.
Teamsters General President Jim Hoffa and General Secretary-Treasurer Hall also wrote to Air Liquide's CEO Benoit Potier, to ask him to work together with them to address the rapidly deteriorating relationship between Airgas and its workers.
In a letter to executives of MillerCoors, Teamsters President James Hoffa called the decision to close the brewery "callous and shortsighted."
A police officer's handbook from 1875, fingerprints from labor leader Jimmy Hoffa, and a 1940s surveillance camera hidden in a pack of Marlboro cigarettes are among the artifacts showcased at the new Detroit Police Museum, which opened earlier this year.
Joining HNTB are Stephen Novosad, senior project manager; David Huter, PE, senior project manager; and Mark Hoffa, senior toll project manager and advisor.