Hugo von Hofmannsthal

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hofmannsthal, Hugo von


Born Feb. 1, 1874, in Vienna; died July 15, 1929, in Rodaun. Austrian writer and essayist. Descended from an aristocratic family.

Hofmannsthal studied law and philology in Vienna and began publishing in the 1890’s. He devoted his talent to impressionism, symbolism, and neoromanticism. Repulsion for bourgeois reality and the uninspired naturalism in literature led Hofmannsthal to the cult of beauty and pleasures (his one-act drama The Death of Titian, 1892). His collection Poems and Short Plays (1907), along with damaging attitudes, expressed the dream of a life full of value, which aestheticism or hedonism cannot provide (the play Death and the Fool, 1894; published 1899). However, in Hofmann-sthal’s free adaptations of tragedies by Sophocles and Euripides (Electra, 1904–06, and Oedipus and the Sphinx, 1906) the heroes embody cruelty and pathological sensitivity, or they are the involuntary victims of fate. In the stylized medieval-type mystery plays (Everyman, 1911, and The Great Salzburg Theater of the World, 1922) there is a deepening of the decadent ideas of pessimism and mysticism. Hofmannsthal had a hostile attitude toward the October Revolution in Russia, and he aristocratically repudiated the power of the people (the drama The Tower, 1925).


Gesammelte Werke, vols. 1–12. Frankfurt am Main, 1947–56.
Die Gedichte und kleinen Dramen. Leipzig, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Dramy. Moscow, 1906.


Aksel’rod, I. Literaturno-kriticheskie ocherki. Minsk, 1923.
Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1968.
Hammelmann, H. A. Hugo von Hofmannsthal. New Haven, Conn., 1957.
Hamburger, M. H. von Hofmannsthal. Göttingen [1964].
Weber, H. H. von Hofmannsthal: Bibliographie .... Berlin, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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E' l'Austria felix di Schonberg, Loos, Kraus, Weinninger, che evidenziano con le loro opere come la critica serrata ai costumi viennesi si trasformi quasi naturalmente in una critica dell'espressione estetica, la stessa forza critica con la quale Hoffmansthal indica la centralita sociale di problemi quali la comunicazione e l'autenticita morale, che testimoniano una sorta di uniformita del sentire con Michelstaedter.
It is one of those operas that comes saddled with a 'reputation,' often viewed as less than top drawer Strauss; hindered by creaky dramaturgy and an unfinished libretto due to Hugo von Hoffmansthal's premature death in 1929.
While the segment about the status of women as conveyed in Die Frau ohne Schatten fits the film's objective, the filmmaker fails to mention that Strauss's long-time librettist and collaborator, Hugo von Hoffmansthal, based the Dyer and his Wife directly on Richard and Pauline Strauss.
Felix Mauthner, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Robert Musil, Karl Krauss, Hugo von Hoffmansthal, and the members of the Vienna Circle were natural allies in the exposure of the inadequacy of language to disclose an authentic subjectivity.
En los aSos siguientes, establecida en Argentina hasta que la censura del general Peron la fuerza a exiliarse de nuevo, representa en la capital bonaerense un repertorio de altisima calidad, sin duda el mejor teatro que se hizo en todo el mundo hispanico en la decada de los 30 y los 40, basado en autores que eran ya clasicos del teatro contemporaneo como Garcia Lorca, Bernard Shaw, Pirandello, Benavente, Lenormand, von Hoffmansthal, Casona ...
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POBUN, cyfieithiad T Gwynn Jones o'r ddrama ganoloesol, Jedermann a ddiweddarwyd gan yr awdur Almaenig, Hugo Van Hoffmansthal oedd un o uchafbwyntiau Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Wrecsam, 1933.
Hugo von Hoffmansthal wrote many of the librettos (texts) for Richard Strauss operas such as "Rosenkavalier" and "Arabella".